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Monthly Archives: February 2018

One of the fundamental beliefs of Christianity is that Jesus has died and allowed for the shedding of his blood for the sake of granting forgiveness to people. Let us investigate the topic from the Bible, or that he was crucified.

WILLINGNESS OF JESUS CHRIST TO DIE FOR OUR SINS:

Peter and two sons of Zebedee were with Jesus Christ before the elders of the people and chief priest came to take him to crucify him. Jesus at this point talked to peter and the two sons of zebedee as in Matthew:

“Then said he unto them, My soul is exceedingly sorrowful even unto death, stay ye here, and watch with me.”
“Then Jesus went a little further, and fell on his face and prayed, saying; O my father, if it is possible, let this cup (death) pass from me; nevertheless not as I will, but as thou Wilt.”
[Matthew 26:38-39].

It is very clear from the above verse that Jesus had no intention of dying. In this verse it is shown that Jesus was praying strongly to have this death removed from him. Had Jesus Christ been sent to be crucified he would not have hesitated to be killed at all. When I reminded this to my Christian friends, they told me that this hesitation comes from the flesh side of him or he was tempted and that his soul which is good does not have this hesitation at all. When we look at this verse bellow, we will see that Jesus is contradicting this idea by saying: “My SOUL is exceedingly sorrowful, even unto DEATH.”
(Matthew 26:38).

He himself says that it realy “HIS SOUL” that is hesitating and not his body. This are Jesus own words.

Again:

“After this, Jesus went around in Galilee, purposely staying away from Judea becouse the Jews there waiting to take his life.”
[Jonh 7:1].

“Again they tried to seize him but he escaped their grasp.”
[John 10:39].

“So from that day on they plotted to take his life.”
“Therefore Jesus no longer moved about publicly among the Jews. Instead he withdrew to a region near the desert, to a village called Ephraim, where he stayed with his disciples.”
[John 11:53-54].

Had Jesus Christ really been sent to be crucified?

GOD ANSWERED THE PRAYERS OF JESUS CHRIST:-

After Jesus made the above mention prayer he was answered by God:

“During the days of Jesus life on earth, he offered up prayers and petition with loud cries and tears to the one who could save him from DEATH, and he was HEARD because of his Reverent submission.”
[Hebrew 5:7].

These words clearly show that when Jesus was praying strongly to God, God would grant him his request. The word” heard in that God granted him what he requested so the above verse show that when Jesus asked of God would grant him his request. The word, “heard in feared” (Hebrews 5:7), mean that God granted him what he requested so the above verse show that when Jesus asked of God to “let this cup pass from him,” God respond to his prayer and saved him from death.

THE POST CRUCIFIXION PROPHESIED EVENTS NEVER HAPPENED:

When the people were asking Jesus Christ if he was going to them a sign, He replied by saying that the only sign that they should expect is the sign of Jonah. Jesus also made sure to be specify what exactly this sign was. The details here:

“Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee.”
“But he answered and said unto them, ‘An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonah.”
“For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the the son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.”
[Matthew 12:38-40].

Jesus here emphasized what will happen to him by specifically saying that he will be like Jonah in terms Signs (miracle).Then sign of Jonah we have to read the Book of Jonah:

“Now the LORD had prepared a great fish to swallow Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights”
“Then Jonah prayed to the LORD his God from the fish’s belly.”
“So the LORD spoke to the fish and it vomited Jonah unto dry land.”
[Jonah 1:17 & 2:10].

1. So for Jesus to be like Jonah he has to be ALIVE in earth’s heart like Jonah was in the fish’s belly. If he was death, then he was unlike Jonah and that means the prophesy did not fulfilled.

2. Jonah’s prayer had answered (escaped from the death). So Jesus’s prayer must answered also that to be like Jonah, if not then he was unlike Jonah (and that means the prophecy had failed).

3. Jonah being alive in the fish’s belly for days, this was a SIGN (miracle). But if Jesus was death in earth’s heart for days, then this was not a SIGN (miracle)!

Some or the Christians says that he will be in terms of the number of days: “Three days and three nights.”
Now let us see if this prophecy in terms of the number of days come to pass:

Jesus was crucified on Fry-day, this is certainly known among all Christians, and that is the reason for them calls that Fryday “Good Fryday.” Jesus was buried on Fryday night. Now let us start counting:

1. Fryday night Jesus was burried.
This is Night number 1.

2. Saturday day Jesus was still in the grave.
This is day number 1.

3. Saturday night Jesus was still in the grave.
This is Night number 2.

Mary Magdalene, very early in the morning before sun rise and after the Sabbath (Saturday), went to see Jesus, and he was not there. The following verses relate this event, “Mark 16:1-6.”
The number of days and nights that Jesus had spent in the heart of the earth is, ……”1 day and 2 nights”…… If that is what he really mean also, this clearly challenged what Jesus had prophesied. Whenever I proved this to my Christians Friends, some of them responded by saying that, what Jesus wanted to really say here was that he will be GONE for a while, and not that he will be in the heart of the earth for this days. This is clearly not the case. Had Jesus meant that, he would have said it, but it is clear that he wanted the people to know that, this was a SIGN (Miracles) and it will be like JONAH’S SIGN, and that HE WILL BE IN THE HEART OF THE EARTH FOR THREE DAYS AND THREE NIGHTS. This were his own words not ours or mine.

WHY WOULD JESUS HAVE TO DIE ON THE CROSS?

According to.the Christians, Jesus died on the cross as a sacrifice four for our sins. The Idea here is that every human is born with sins. Or that all humans will sin, and therefore it was necessary that someone as pure as Jesus would be crucified to nullify these sins. The question is; why does anyone have to die for our sins when God the All-Merciful could as easily give us forgiveness if we ask for it? Isn’t God the one Who makes the rules? Why does He have to make someone suffer for our sins? Isn’t that unjust of Him?
According to the Bible the way to redemption could be obtained without the need for sacrifices.
The Bible says:

“The soul that sinneth, it shall die. The son shall not bear the iniquity of the father, neither shall the father bear the iniquity of the son; the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon him.”

“But if the wicked will turn from all his sins that he hath committed, and keep all my statutes, and do that which is lawful and right, he shall surely live, he shall not die.”
[Ezekiel 18:20-21].

So, if one commits a sin then it shall be upon him, and not on Jesus. Finally, the way to repentance and forgiveness is by turning away from all sins, doing what is right, and keep the commandments.

When the rich Young man (a Jew) came asked Jesus: “What must I do to inherit eternal life?”
Jesus answered: ” You know the commandments; ‘Do not murder, do not commit adultery, do not steal, do not give false testimony, do not defraud, honor your father and mother.”
[Mark 10:17-20].

Jesus did not even mentioned something like crucifixion or he said ‘believe I am God.”

So if you break one of these commandments (Christians) will you still go to eternal life?

Also we see the same message given by Solomon:

“Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter; Fear God, and keep His commandments; for this is the whole duty of man.” this is the whole message. It is one should fear God, and keep the commandments, and nothing else.”
[Ecclesiastes 12:13].

“If my people, which are called by my name shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways: then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.”
[2 Chronicles 7:14].

This clearly State that to seek forgiveness from God we have to humble ourselves, pray and seek God, and turn away from wickedness.

“And Samuel said, Hath the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than the fat of rams.”
[Samuel 15:22].

Jesus said:
“Do not think that I have come to ABOLISH THE LAW OR THE PROPHETS; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.”
[Matthew 5:17-21].

WHAT WAS HIS MISSION?

Why did Jesus say “I have completed my mission before he was even arrested for Crucifixion “John 17:3-5!” That means crucifixion was not even one of his mission. Infact, he don’t even know anything like that.

Moreover, I don’t know who are the witnesses though narrated the true crucifixion event while everyone included his Disciples fled (run away)? “Mark 14:50.”?

Teach undergraduate courses; pursue appropriate scholarship; and participate in department, college, and university service activities. The official teaching load for this position is 5/5. Candidates must be able to teach the departments professional ethics courses (Business Ethics and Professional Ethics).

The department offers classes in both Philosophy and Religious Studies. We are a small, collegial department that values our students and quality instruction. The department plays a significant role in the university’s general education program, teaching over 40 sections a year. We are home to an ethics center and a Center for Islamic Studies. Additionally, the department brings in speakers for a university level speakers series every semester.

Youngstown State University—an urban research university—emphasizes a creative, integrated approach to education, scholarship, and service. The University places students at its center; leads in the discovery, dissemination, and application of knowledge; advances civic, scientific, and technological development; and fosters collaboration to enrich the region and the world.

The University: Creates diverse educational experiences that develop ethical, intellectually curious students who are invested in their communities; Provides access to a broad range of undergraduate programs; Offers graduate programs in selected areas of excellence, including those that meet the needs of the region; Supports economic development through applied learning and research; Integrates teaching and learning, scholarship, and civic engagement; Fosters understanding of diversity, sustainability, and global perspectives; and Advances the intellectual and cultural life of the city, region, and world.

Position is a one-year initial appointment, but is expected to be ongoing.

Minimum Qualifications
MA in Philosophy.

Ability to contribute to the diversity, cultural sensitivity, and excellence of the academic community.

Desired Qualifications
PhD in Philosophy or completed by August 15, 2018 and Teaching experience.

While the candidate must be able to teach Business and Professional Ethics, the department also has needs for occasional classes in Philosophy of Science and Philosophy of mind. Contribution to the History of Philosophy or logic would also be helpful.

Equipment Operated

Job Duties These are the job duties required for the position.

The Emory Libraries seek an energetic, user-oriented, and collaborative professional to serve as Middle East and Islamic Studies Subject Librarian. Focused primarily on the Department of Middle Eastern and South Asian Studies, the librarian will provide a full range of subject specific library services in collection development, cataloging, research consultation, and instruction.

Emory’s teaching and research in the Middle East occur mainly in the fields of language studies, Islamic studies, history, and literature. The Middle East and Islamic Studies Librarian at Emory has responsibility for acquiring and cataloging materials about Islamic studies and the history and cultures of the Middle Eastern and North African countries. The successful candidate will have a passion for the teaching and research missions of the University, and understand the Libraries’ role in advancing those missions. This position offers opportunity for strategic and interdisciplinary approaches to the selection, teaching, discovery, and delivery of digital and print information resources.

Position Duties
Reporting to the Area Studies Team Leader, the subject librarian for Middle East and Islamic Studies provides the full range of subject specific library services to the academic department, including collection management, consultation, instruction, cataloging and assessment. The subject librarian serves 22 faculty, 10 graduate students, and 12 undergraduate majors and 2 minors. The subject librarian maintains and expands research-level collections, acts as an expert guide, provides research help at the time of need, and contributes to the programmatic and collaborative work of the Services Division and the library in general.

Specific duties include:
ENGAGEMENT

  • Serves on the Area Studies Team as primary liaison to and actively develops professional relationships with faculty, students and staff in the assigned subject areas. May include other areas within the Area Studies Team, if needed.
  • Plans and delivers point-of-need instruction services; teaches research tools and skills relevant to the discipline.
  • Collaborates with faculty to achieve information literacy and learning outcomes in course-specific ways, including providing instruction sessions and assignments, research guides, and/or tutorials.
  • Provides in-depth, specialized research consultations in support of the entire research lifecycle.
  • Develops content for subject-based web pages.
  • Assists faculty engaged in digital scholarship projects and teaching with technology initiatives. Collaborates as needed with Emory’s Center for Digital Scholarship (ECDS) and Academic Technology Services.
  • Partners with other libraries, such as Emory’s Stuart A. Rose Manuscript, Archives and Rare Book Library.
  • Contributes to University efforts to assess and promote institutional scholarship.

COLLECTIONS

  • Develops and manages excellent electronic, multimedia, and print collections in the relevant disciplines to support the research and teaching needs of the Emory University community.
  • Promotes resources using current tools and technologies.
  • Provides marketing and assessment of library services.
  • Acquires material in a variety of languages, including English, French, German, Arabic and Persian. Catalogs any materials in Arabic script based languages.
  • Responsibility for additional subject areas may be assigned.

PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES

  • Participates in professional and scholarly associations.
  • Maintains up-to-date professional knowledge and skills in areas related to primary job assignment as well as maintains general knowledge of current trends in the relevant fields/disciplines, higher education, academic libraries, and information and educational technology.
  • Adheres to guidelines outlined in the Handbook Governing the Librarian series for Faculty-Equivalent Librarians to ensure appointment, appointment renewal and promotion-in-rank.
  • Participates in library and campus committees as appropriate for service purposes.

Required Qualifications

  • ALA-accredited master’s degree in Library and Information Science or equivalent education and experience (subject expertise).
  • Advanced degree in a relevant subject area.
  • Fluency in Arabic, with reading knowledge of Persian.
  • Demonstrated knowledge and experience with instruction, information literacy, and assessment of library services and resources.
  • Strong interest in technology and tools for research and teaching.
  • Commitment to user-centered library services.
  • Strong understanding of the key issues and trends in instruction, collection development, and research, in the subject areas of Middle East and Islamic Studies.
  • Knowledge of scholarly communication issues and trends within the relevant disciplines.
  • Evidence of excellent communication, teaching, writing and analytical skills.
  • Commitment to fostering a diverse educational environment and workplace and an ability to work effectively with a diverse faculty, staff, and student population.
  • Demonstrated willingness to respond to new opportunities with initiative, creative energy, and leadership.
  • Evidence of active participation, involvement, or leadership in local, state, regional, national, or international professional or scholarly associations.
  • Strong interpersonal and team skills.

 

The Department of History of The Pennsylvania State University invites applications for part-time Lecturer positions for the Spring session, 2018. Part-time Lecturers will assist with organization and grading in spring semester in courses in History and Religious Studies. A Ph.D or Master`s degree in History or a related field or be enrolled in a Ph.D. program in a relevant field of study required; familiarity with medieval European or Islamic history a plus. Candidates with Ph.D. degrees in the discipline may also be assigned to teach upper level undergraduate and graduate courses. These are one semester, non-tenure track appointments with the possibility of reappointment. Part-time lecturers normally teach one to two courses per semester. For a more detailed description of the department, please visit our website at www.history.psu.edu. To be considered for these positions, submit a letter of application detailing relevant qualifications for the job and a curriculum vitae. Review of applications will begin immediately and will continue until the positions are filled.