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What is the ruling on fasting six days of Shawwal? Is it wajib (obligatory)?

Praise be to Allah.

Fasting six days of Shawwal after the obligatory fast of Ramadan is Sunnah Mustahabbah, not wajib. It is recommended for the Muslim to fast six days of Shawwal, and in this there is great virtue and an immense reward. Whoever fasts these six days will have recorded for him a reward as if he had fasted a whole year, as was reported in a sahih hadith from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Abu Ayyub (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

“Whoever fasts Ramadan and follows it with six days of Shawwal, it will be as if he fasted for a lifetime.”

Narrated by Muslim, Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nisa’i and Ibn Majah

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) explained this when he said: “Whoever fasts for six days after (‘Eid) Al-Fitr has completed the year: (whoever does a good deed (hasanah) will have ten hasanah like it).” According to another report: “Allah has made for each hasanah ten like it, so a month is like fasting ten months, and fasting six days completes the year.” [An-Nisa’i and Ibn Majah. See also Sahih at-Targhib wa’t-Tarhib, 1/421). It was also narrated by Ibn Khuzaymah with the wording: “Fasting for the month of Ramadan brings the reward of ten like it, and fasting for six days brings the reward of two months, and that is the fasting of the whole year.”

The Hanbali and Shafi’i fuqaha’ explained that fasting six days of Shawwal after fasting Ramadan makes it as if one has fasted for an entire year of obligatory fasts, because the multiplication of the reward applies even to nafil fasts, because each hasanah brings the reward of ten like it.

Another of the important benefits of fasting six days of Shawwal is that is makes up for any shortfall in a person’s obligatory Ramadan fasts, because no one is free of shortcomings or sins that have a negative effect on his fasting. On the Day of Resurrection, some of his nafildeeds will be taken to make up the shortcomings in his obligatory deeds, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

“The first thing for which people will be brought to account on the Day of Resurrection will be their salah (prayer). Our Lord, may He be glorified and exalted, will say to His angels – although He knows best – ‘Look at the salah of My slave, whether it is complete or incomplete.’ If it is perfect, it will be recorded as perfect, and if something is lacking, He will say, ‘Look and see whether My slave did any voluntary (nafil) prayers.’ If he did some voluntary prayers, [Allah] will say, Complete the obligatory actions of My slave from his voluntary actions.’ Then all his actions will be dealt with in a similar manner.”

Narrated by Abu Dawud

And Allah knows best. [1]

When should a Muslim start fasting six days of Shawwal? When can I start fasting six days of Shawwal, since we have annual leave right now?

Praise be to Allah.

You can start fasting six days of Shawwal from the second day of Shawwal, because it is haram to fast on the day of ‘Eid. You can fast the six days at any time during Shawwal, although the best of good deeds are those which are done soonest.

The standing committee received the following question:

Should fasting the six days be done immediately after Ramadan, following the day of ‘Eid or is it permissible to do it a few days after ‘Eid in the month of Shawwal or not?

They replied as follows:

These days do not have to be fasted immediately after ‘Eid Al-Fitr; it is permissible to start fasting them one or more days after ‘Eid, and they may be done consecutively or separately during the month of Shawwal, according to what is easier for a person. There is plenty of room for manoeuvre in this matter, and this is not obligatory, it is Sunnah.

And Allah is the Source of strength. May Allah bless our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions and grant them peace. [2]

Do the six days of Shawwal have to be fasted consecutively?

[3] With regard to the six days of Shawwal after Ramadan, is it a condition that they should be fasted consecutively, or can I separate them? I want to fast them in three sessions, on the two days of the weekend.

Praise be to Allah.

It is not a necessary condition that they should be fasted consecutively. If you fast them separately or consecutively, it is OK. The sooner you do them, the better, because Allah says (interpretation of the meanings):

“So compete in good deeds.”

Al-Qur’an 5:48

“And march forth in the way (which leads to) forgiveness from your Lord.”

Al-Qur’an 3:133

“[Musa – peace be upon him – said:] … and I hastened to You, O my Lord, that You might be pleased.”

Al-Qur’an 20:84

And (you should hasten to fast these six days) because delaying may cause problems. This is the view of the Shafi’is and some of the Hanbalis, but it is OK if you do not hasten it and you delay it until the middle or end of the month.

An-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

“Our companions said: it is mustahabb to fast six days of Shawwal. Because of this hadith they said: it is mustahabb to fast these days consecutively at the beginning of Shawwal, but if one separates them or delays them until after Shawwal, this is permissible, because he will still be following the general guidelines of the hadith. We have no dispute regarding this matter, and this was also the view of Ahmad and Dawud.”

Al-Majmu’ Sharh al-Muhadhdhab

Furthermore “… although the majority of the scholars didn’t obligate the six days of Shawwal to have to be immediate, or six consecutive days, it is easier and safer to do it that way and you will avoid any differences between the scholars that way. However, the matter is flexible, so whenever you can.” [4]

Can a person start fasting six days of Shawwal when he still has days to make up from Ramadan?

Praise be to Allah.

The precise rewards for the deeds which people do for the sake of Allah is something which is known only to Allah. If a person seeks the reward from Allah and strives to obey Him, his reward will not be lost, as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“We shall not make the reward of anyone who does his (righteous) deeds in the most perfect manner to be lost.”

Al-Qur’an 18:30

If someone has missed some of the days of Ramadan, he should fast them first, then fast six days of Shawwal, because he cannot follow the fast of Ramadan with six days of Shawwal unless he has completed his Ramadhan fast. [5]

Furthermore: [4]

  • if there are too many and it will push you over and you will miss Shawwal, don’t worry. As soon as you are finished then fast the “six days of Shawwal” whatever the date is and you will get the reward for it, insha’Allah, because of the necessity. This was the fatwa of Shaykh Ibn Al-‘Uthaymin (rahimahullah); and
  • if you think you will find it difficult to make up all your obligatory fasts now, especially because of the length of day and heat, then leave them for later in the year and fast the six days of Shawwal now. This was performed by ‘A’ishah (radhiallahu ‘anha) and despite the discussion over her action, her example can be used as an evidence for anyone who cannot fast the obligatory qadha’ now, and will put the voluntary fasts before the obligatory.

Does one have to fast six days of Shawwal every year?

If someone fasts six days of Shawwal, then one year he gets sick or something prevents him from fasting, or he is too lazy to fast, will there be any sin on him? We have heard that if a person fasts these six days one year, he must never give up this practice thereafter.

Praise be to Allah.

Fasting six days of Shawwal after the day of ‘Eid is Sunnah. It is not wajib (obligatory) on the person who does this once or more often to continue doing it. He is not guilty of a sin if he does not fast these days.

And Allah is the Source of strength. May Allah bless our Prophet Muhammad and grant him peace[6]

Can one make a dual intention when fasting (i.e. for making up their obligatory fasts and, at the same time, the six days of Shawwal)?

There is a temptation (and I guess a belief) that one can start making up their obligatory fasts now and at the same time make a dual intention for the six days of Shawwal too, on the same single day, to try and kill two birds with one stone. This is incorrect, and is a minority opinion.

Although this is something permissible for general matters such as combining the intention for tahiyyat al-masjid and the sunnah of wudhu’ and the two sunnah before dhuhr for example, or combining the intention for the voluntary fast of Monday and the fast for the middle three bright days of the lunar month etc., it is not correct to do it in *this* qadha’/Shawwal case because you have (a) a specific obligation to make up and (b) a specific voluntary fast to perform, which require separate intentions and focus, quite apart from the fact that the hadith concerning the six days of Shawwal makes it clear that they follow the fasts of Ramadan, and that would not be possible if the fast itself is both an owing Ramadan fast *and* a Shawwal fast at the same time.

Thus, these must be done separately. As I have mentioned above, it is best that one does the obligatory qadha’ missed fasts first, and then the six days of Shawwal separately afterwards. Or, they do the six days of Shawwal now and then do the qadha’ afterwards. But not together on the same day with the same intention.

This is the position of the vast majority of the scholars. Wallahu a’lam[4]

Footnotes

  1. IslamQA.com, question #7859 – 9 January 2000CE ^back
  2. IslamQA.com, question #7860 – 11 January 2000CE, the answer is from Fatawa al-Lajnah ad-Da’imah, 10/391 ^back
  3. IslamQA.com, question #7858 – 11 January 2000CE ^back
  4. Abu Eesa Niamatullah, posted on Facebook on 20 July 2015CE ^back
  5. IslamQA.com, question #7863 – 12 January 2000CE, the answer is from Fatawa al-Lajnah ad-Da’imah, 10/392 ^back
  6. IslamQA.com, question #7865 – 13 January 2000CE, the answer is from Fatawa al-Lajnah ad-Da’imah, 10/391 ^back

مَسْأَلَةٌ:
فِي رَجُلٍ جُنْدِيٍّ قَلَعَ بَيَاضَ لِحْيَتِهِ، فَهَلْ عَلَيْهِ فِي ذَلِكَ إثْمٌ؟ وَإِذَا دَعَا الْإِمَامُ وَالْمَأْمُومُ عَقِيبَ صَلَاةِ الْفَرْضِ، جَائِزٌ أَمْ لَا؟
الْجَوَابُ: الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ. نَتْفُ الشَّيْبِ مَكْرُوهٌ لِلْجُنْدِيِّ وَغَيْرِهِ، فَإِنَّ فِي الْحَدِيثِ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – «نَهَى عَنْ نَتْفِ الشَّيْبِ، وَقَالَ: إنَّهُ نُورُ الْمُسْلِمِ» .
وَأَمَّا دُعَاءُ الْإِمَامِ وَالْمَأْمُومِينَ جَمِيعًا عَقِيبَ الصَّلَاةِ فَهُوَ بِدْعَةٌ، لَمْ يَكُنْ عَلَى عَهْدِ النَّبِيِّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – بَلْ إنَّمَا كَانَ دُعَاؤُهُ فِي صُلْبِ الصَّلَاةِ، فَإِنَّ الْمُصَلِّيَ يُنَاجِي رَبَّهُ، فَإِذَا دَعَا حَالَ مُنَاجَاتِهِ لَهُ كَانَ مُنَاسِبًا، أَمَّا الدُّعَاءُ بَعْدَ انْصِرَافِهِ مِنْ مُنَاجَاتِهِ وَخِطَابِهِ فَغَيْرُ مُنَاسِبٍ، وَإِنَّمَا الْمَسْنُونُ عَقِبَ الصَّلَاةِ هُوَ الذِّكْرُ الْمَأْثُورُ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – مِنْ التَّهْلِيلِ وَالتَّحْمِيدِ وَالتَّكْبِيرِ، كَمَا كَانَ النَّبِيُّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – يَقُولُ عَقِبَ الصَّلَاةِ «لَا إلَهَ إلَّا اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ، وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ، وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ، اللَّهُمَّ لَا مَانِعَ لِمَا أَعْطَيْت، وَلَا مُعْطِيَ

لِمَا مَنَعْت، وَلَا يَنْفَعُ ذَا الْجَدِّ مِنْك الْجَدُّ» . وَقَدْ ثَبَتَ فِي الصَّحِيحِ أَنَّهُ قَالَ: «مَنْ سَبَّحَ دُبُرَ الصَّلَاةِ ثَلَاثًا وَثَلَاثِينَ، وَحَمِدَ ثَلَاثًا وَثَلَاثِينَ، وَكَبَّرَ ثَلَاثًا وَثَلَاثِينَ، فَذَلِكَ تِسْعَةٌ وَتِسْعُونَ، وَقَالَ تَمَامَ الْمِائَةِ: لَا إلَهَ إلَّا اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ، حُطَّتْ خَطَايَاهُ» . أَوْ كَمَا قَالَ، فَهَذَا وَنَحْوُهُ هُوَ الْمَسْنُونُ عَقِيبَ الصَّلَاةِ، وَاَللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ.

مَسْأَلَةٌ:
فِي جَمْعِ الْقِرَاءَاتِ السَّبْعَةِ، هَلْ هُوَ سُنَّةٌ أَمْ بِدْعَةٌ؟ وَهَلْ جُمِعَتْ عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – أَمْ لَا؟ وَهَلْ لِجَامِعِهَا مَزِيَّةٌ ثَوَابٍ عَلَى مَنْ قَرَأَ بِرِوَايَةٍ أَمْ لَا؟
الْجَوَابُ: الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ. أَمَّا نَفْسُ مَعْرِفَةِ الْقِرَاءَةِ وَحِفْظُهَا فَسُنَّةٌ، فَإِنَّ الْقِرَاءَةَ سُنَّةٌ مُتَّبَعَةٌ يَأْخُذُهَا الْآخِرُ عَنْ الْأَوَّلِ، فَمَعْرِفَةُ الْقِرَاءَاتِ الَّتِي كَانَ النَّبِيُّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – يَقْرَأُ بِهَا، أَوْ يُقِرُّهُمْ عَلَى الْقِرَاءَةِ بِهَا، أَوْ يَأْذَنُ لَهُمْ وَقَدْ أَقْرَءُوا بِهَا سُنَّةٌ، وَالْعَارِفُ فِي الْقِرَاءَاتِ الْحَافِظُ لَهَا لَهُ مَزِيَّةٌ عَلَى مَنْ لَمْ يَعْرِفْ ذَلِكَ، وَلَا يَعْرِفُ إلَّا قِرَاءَةً وَاحِدَةً. وَأَمَّا جَمْعُهَا فِي الصَّلَاةِ، أَوْ فِي التِّلَاوَةِ فَهُوَ بِدْعَةٌ مَكْرُوهَةٌ، وَأَمَّا جَمْعُهَا لِأَجْلِ

 مَسْأَلَةٌ:
فِي رَجُلٍ قَالَ فِي عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ – رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ – إنَّهُ لَيْسَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْبَيْتِ وَلَا تَجُوزُ الصَّلَاةُ عَلَيْهِ، وَالصَّلَاةُ عَلَيْهِ بِدْعَةٌ؟ ”
الْجَوَابُ: أَمَّا كَوْنُ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْبَيْتِ، فَهَذَا مِمَّا لَا خِلَافَ بَيْنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ فِيهِ، وَهُوَ أَظْهَرُ عِنْدَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ مِنْ أَنْ يَحْتَاجَ إلَى دَلِيلٍ، بَلْ هُوَ أَفْضَلُ أَهْلِ الْبَيْتِ، وَأَفْضَلُ بَنِي هَاشِمٍ بَعْدَ النَّبِيِّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – وَقَدْ ثَبَتَ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – «أَنَّهُ أَدَارَ كَسَاهُ عَلَى عَلِيٍّ وَفَاطِمَةَ وَحَسَنٍ وَحُسَيْنٍ، فَقَالَ: اللَّهُمَّ هَؤُلَاءِ أَهْلُ بَيْتِي فَأَذْهِبْ الرِّجْسَ عَنْهُمْ وَطَهِّرْهُمْ تَطْهِيرًا» .
وَأَمَّا الصَّلَاةُ عَلَيْهِ مُنْفَرِدًا فَهَذَا يَنْبَنِي عَلَى أَنَّهُ، هَلْ يُصَلَّى عَلَى غَيْرِ النَّبِيِّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – عَلَى وَجْهِ الِانْفِرَادِ مُنْفَرِدًا مِثْلُ أَنْ يَقُولَ: اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى عُمَرَ أَوْ عَلِيٍّ، وَقَدْ تَنَازَعَ الْعُلَمَاءُ فِي ذَلِكَ فَذَهَبَ مَالِكٌ وَالشَّافِعِيُّ وَطَائِفَةٌ مِنْ الْحَنَابِلَةِ إلَى أَنَّهُ لَا يُصَلَّى عَلَى غَيْرِ النَّبِيِّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – مُنْفَرِدًا، كَمَا رُوِيَ عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ أَنَّهُ قَالَ: ” لَا أَعْلَمُ الصَّلَاةَ تَنْبَغِي عَلَى أَحَدٍ إلَّا عَلَى النَّبِيِّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – “، وَذَهَبَ الْإِمَامُ أَحْمَدُ وَأَكْثَرُ أَصْحَابِهِ إلَى أَنَّهُ لَا بَأْسَ بِذَلِكَ، لِأَنَّ عَلِيَّ بْنَ أَبِي طَالِبٍ قَالَ لِعُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ: صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْك، وَهَذَا الْقَوْلُ أَصَحُّ وَأَوْلَى، وَلَكِنَّ إفْرَادَ وَاحِدٍ مِنْ الصَّحَابَةِ وَالْقَرَابَةِ كَعَلِيٍّ أَوْ غَيْرِهِ بِالصَّلَاةِ عَلَيْهِ دُونَ غَيْرِهِ مُضَاهَاةٌ لِلنَّبِيِّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – بِحَيْثُ يُجْعَلُ ذَلِكَ شِعَارًا مَعْرُوفًا بِاسْمِهِ، هَذَا هُوَ الْبِدْعَةُ.

مَسْأَلَةٌ:
فِيمَنْ يَبُوسُ الْأَرْضَ دَائِمًا هَلْ يَأْثَمُ؟ وَفِيمَنْ يَفْعَلُ ذَلِكَ لِسَبَبِ أَخْذِ رِزْقٍ وَهُوَ مُكْرَهٌ كَذَلِكَ؟
الْجَوَابُ: أَمَّا تَقْبِيلُ الْأَرْضِ وَوَضْعُ الرَّأْسِ وَنَحْوُ ذَلِكَ مِمَّا فِيهِ السُّجُودُ، مِمَّا يُفْعَلُ قُدَّامَ بَعْضِ الشُّيُوخِ وَبَعْضِ الْمُلُوكِ فَلَا يَجُوزُ، بَلْ لَا يَجُوزُ الِانْحِنَاءُ كَالرُّكُوعِ أَيْضًا كَمَا «قَالُوا لِلنَّبِيِّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ -: الرَّجُلُ مِنَّا يَلْقَى أَخَاهُ أَيَنْحَنِي لَهُ؟ قَالَ: لَا» .
«وَلَمَّا رَجَعَ مُعَاذٌ مِنْ الشَّامِ سَجَدَ لِلنَّبِيِّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – فَقَالَ: مَا هَذِهِ يَا مُعَاذُ قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ رَأَيْتهمْ فِي الشَّامِ يَسْجُدُونَ لِأَسَاقِفَتِهِمْ وَيَذْكُرُونَ ذَلِكَ عَنْ أَنْبِيَائِهِمْ فَقَالَ: كَذَبُوا عَلَيْهِمْ، لَوْ كُنْت آمِرًا أَحَدًا أَنْ يَسْجُدَ لِأَحَدٍ لَأَمَرْت الْمَرْأَةَ أَنْ تَسْجُدَ لِزَوْجِهَا مِنْ أَجْلِ حَقِّهِ عَلَيْهَا، يَا مُعَاذُ إنَّهُ لَا يَنْبَغِي السُّجُودُ إلَّا لِلَّهِ» . وَأَمَّا فِعْلُ ذَلِكَ تَدَيُّنًا وَتَقَرُّبًا فَهَذَا مِنْ أَعْظَمِ الْمُنْكَرَاتِ. وَمَنْ اعْتَقَدَ مِثْلَ هَذَا قُرْبَةً وَدِينًا فَهُوَ ضَالٌّ مُفْتَرٍ، بَلْ يُبَيَّنُ لَهُ أَنَّ هَذَا لَيْسَ بِدِينٍ وَلَا قُرْبَةٍ، فَإِنْ أَصَرَّ عَلَى ذَلِكَ اُسْتُتِيبَ فَإِنْ تَابَ وَإِلَّا قُتِلَ.
وَأَمَّا إذَا أُكْرِهَ الرَّجُلُ عَلَى ذَلِكَ بِحَيْثُ لَوْ لَمْ يَفْعَلْهُ لَأَفْضَى إلَى ضَرْبِهِ أَوْ حَبْسِهِ أَوْ أَخْذِ مَالِهِ أَوْ قَطْعِ رِزْقِهِ الَّذِي يَسْتَحِقُّهُ مِنْ بَيْتِ الْمَالِ وَنَحْوِ ذَلِكَ مِنْ الضَّرَرِ، فَإِنَّهُ يَجُوزُ عِنْدَ أَكْثَرِ الْعُلَمَاءِ، فَإِنَّ الْإِكْرَاهَ عِنْدَ أَكْثَرِهِمْ يُبِيحُ الْفِعْلَ الْمُحَرَّمَ كَشُرْبِ الْخَمْرِ وَنَحْوِهِ، وَهُوَ الْمَشْهُورُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ وَغَيْرِهِ، وَلَكِنْ عَلَيْهِ مَعَ ذَلِكَ أَنْ يَكْرَهَهُ بِقَلْبِهِ، وَيَحْرِصَ عَلَى الِامْتِنَاعِ مِنْهُ بِحَسَبِ الْإِمْكَانِ. وَمَنْ عَلِمَ اللَّهُ مِنْهُ الصِّدْقَ أَعَانَهُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى، وَقَدْ يُعَافَى بِبَرَكَةِ صِدْقِهِ مِنْ الْأَمْرِ بِذَلِكَ.
وَذَهَبَ طَائِفَةٌ إلَى أَنَّهُ لَا يُبِيحُ إلَّا الْأَقْوَالَ دُونَ الْأَفْعَالِ، وَيُرْوَى ذَلِكَ عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَنَحْوِهِ، قَالُوا: إنَّمَا التَّقِيَّةُ بِاللِّسَانِ، وَهُوَ الرِّوَايَةُ الْأُخْرَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ، وَأَمَّا فِعْلُ ذَلِكَ لِأَجْلِ فَضْلِ الرِّيَاسَةِ وَالْمَالِ فَلَا، وَإِذَا أُكْرِهَ عَلَى مِثْلِ ذَلِكَ وَنَوَى بِقَلْبِهِ أَنَّ هَذَا الْخُضُوعَ لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى كَانَ حَسَنًا مِثْلُ أَنْ يُكْرِهَهُ عَلَى كَلِمَةِ الْكُفْرِ وَيَنْوِيَ مَعْنًى جَائِزًا، وَاَللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ.

هَلْ الْقِيَامُ لِلْمُصْحَفِ وَتَقْبِيلُهُ، وَجَعْلُهُ عِنْدَ الْقَبْرِ، وَوَقِيدُ قِنْدِيلٍ فِي مَوْضِعٍ يَكُونُ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يَقْرَأَ فِيهِ، مَكْرُوهٌ؟ وَهَلْ يُكْرَهُ أَيْضًا أَنْ يُفْتَحَ فِيهِ الْفَالُ؟
الْجَوَابُ: الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الْقِيَامُ لِلْمُصْحَفِ وَتَقْبِيلُهُ لَا نَعْلَمُ فِيهِ شَيْئًا مَأْثُورًا عَنْ السَّلَفِ وَقَدْ سُئِلَ الْإِمَامُ أَحْمَدُ عَنْ تَقْبِيلِ الْمُصْحَفِ، فَقَالَ: مَا سَمِعْت فِيهِ شَيْئًا، وَلَكِنْ رُوِيَ عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ بْنِ أَبِي جَهْلٍ أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَفْتَحُ الْمُصْحَفَ، وَيَضَعُ وَجْهَهُ عَلَيْهِ وَيَقُولُ كَلَامُ رَبِّي كَلَامُ رَبِّي، وَلَكِنَّ السَّلَفَ، وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ مِنْ عَادَتِهِمْ الْقِيَامُ لَهُ، فَلَمْ يَكُنْ مِنْ عَادَتِهِمْ قِيَامُ بَعْضِهِمْ لِبَعْضٍ، اللَّهُمَّ إلَّا لِمِثْلِ الْقَادِمِ مِنْ غَيْبَةٍ وَنَحْوِ ذَلِكَ، وَلِهَذَا قَالَ أَنَسٌ: لَمْ يَكُنْ شَخْصٌ أَحَبَّ إلَيْهِمْ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – وَكَانُوا إذَا رَأَوْهُ لَمْ يَقُومُوا لِمَا يَعْلَمُونَ مِنْ كَرَاهَتِهِ لِذَلِكَ، وَالْأَفْضَلُ لِلنَّاسِ أَنْ يَتَّبِعُوا طَرِيقَ السَّلَفِ فِي كُلِّ شَيْءٍ، فَلَا يَقُومُونَ إلَّا حَيْثُ كَانُوا يَقُومُونَ.
فَأَمَّا إذَا اعْتَادَ النَّاسُ قِيَامَ بَعْضِهِمْ لِبَعْضٍ، فَقَدْ يُقَالُ: لَوْ تَرَكُوا الْقِيَامَ لِلْمُصْحَفِ مَعَ هَذِهِ الْعَادَةِ لَمْ يَكُونُوا مُحْسِنِينَ فِي ذَلِكَ وَلَا مَحْمُودِينَ، بَلْ هُمْ إلَى الذَّمِّ أَقْرَبُ، حَيْثُ يَقُومُ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ، وَلَا يَقُومُونَ لِلْمُصْحَفِ الَّذِي هُوَ أَحَقُّ بِالْقِيَامِ، حَيْثُ يَجِبُ مِنْ احْتِرَامِهِ وَتَعْظِيمِهِ مَا لَا يَجِبُ لِغَيْرِهِ، حَتَّى يُنْهَى أَنْ يَمَسَّ الْقُرْآنَ إلَّا طَاهِرٌ، وَالنَّاسُ يَمَسُّ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا مَعَ الْحَدَثِ، لَا سِيَّمَا فِي ذَلِكَ مِنْ تَعْظِيمِ حُرُمَاتِ اللَّهِ وَشَعَائِرِهِ مَا لَيْسَ فِي غَيْرِ ذَلِكَ. وَقَدْ ذَكَرَ مَنْ ذَكَرَ مِنْ الْفُقَهَاءِ الْكِبَارِ قِيَامَ النَّاسِ لِلْمُصْحَفِ ذِكْرَ مُقَرِّرٍ لَهُ، غَيْرِ مُنْكِرٍ لَهُ.

وَأَمَّا جَعْلُ الْمُصْحَفِ عِنْدَ الْقُبُورِ، وَإِيقَادُ الْقَنَادِيلِ هُنَاكَ فَهَذَا مَكْرُوهٌ مَنْهِيٌّ عَنْهُ، وَلَوْ كَانَ قَدْ جُعِلَ لِلْقِرَاءَةِ فِيهِ هُنَالِكَ، فَكَيْفَ إذَا لَمْ يُقْرَأْ فِيهِ؟ فَإِنَّ النَّبِيَّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – قَالَ: «لَعَنَ اللَّهُ زَوَّارَاتِ الْقُبُورِ، وَالْمُتَّخِذِينَ عَلَيْهَا الْمَسَاجِدَ وَالسُّرُجَ» . فَإِيقَادُ السُّرُجِ مِنْ قِنْدِيلٍ وَغَيْرِهِ عَلَى الْقُبُورِ مَنْهِيٌّ عَنْهُ مُطْلَقًا؛ لِأَنَّهُ أَحَدُ الْفِعْلَيْنِ الَّذِي لَعَنَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – مَنْ يَفْعَلُهُمَا كَمَا قَالَ: «لَا يَخْرُجُ الرَّجُلَانِ يَضْرِبَانِ الْغَائِطَ كَاشِفَيْنِ عَنْ عَوْرَاتِهِمَا يَتَحَدَّثَانِ، فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ يَمْقُتُ عَلَى ذَلِكَ» . رَوَاهُ أَبُو دَاوُد وَغَيْرُهُ
وَمَعْلُومٌ أَنَّهُ يُنْهَى عَنْ كَشْفِ الْعَوْرَةِ وَحْدَهُ، وَعَنْ التَّحَدُّثِ وَحْدَهُ، وَذَلِكَ قَوْله تَعَالَى: {وَالَّذِينَ لا يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَهًا آخَرَ وَلا يَقْتُلُونَ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ إِلا بِالْحَقِّ وَلا يَزْنُونَ وَمَنْ يَفْعَلْ ذَلِكَ يَلْقَ أَثَامًا} [الفرقان: 68] {يُضَاعَفْ لَهُ الْعَذَابُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَيَخْلُدْ فِيهِ مُهَانًا} [الفرقان: 69] .
فَتَوَعَّدَ عَلَى مَجْمُوعِ أَفْعَالٍ، وَكُلُّ فِعْلٍ مِنْهَا مُحَرَّمٌ؛ وَذَلِكَ لِأَنَّ تَرْتِيبَ الذَّمِّ عَلَى الْمَجْمُوعِ يَقْتَضِي أَنَّ كُلَّ وَاحِدٍ لَهُ تَأْثِيرٌ فِي الذَّمِّ، وَلَوْ كَانَ بَعْضُهَا مُبَاحًا لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ تَأْثِيرٌ فِي الذَّمِّ، وَالْحَرَامُ لَا يَتَوَكَّدُ بِانْضِمَامِ الْمُبَاحِ الْمُخَصِّصِ إلَيْهِ وَالْأَئِمَّةُ قَدْ تَنَازَعُوا فِي الْقِرَاءَةِ عِنْدَ الْقَبْرِ، فَكَرِهَهَا أَبُو حَنِيفَةَ وَمَالِكٌ وَأَحْمَدُ فِي

أَكْثَرِ الرِّوَايَاتِ، وَرَخَّصَ فِيهَا فِي الرِّوَايَةِ الْأُخْرَى عَنْهُ هُوَ وَطَائِفَةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ أَبِي حَنِيفَةَ وَغَيْرِهِمْ.
وَأَمَّا جَعْلُ الْمَصَاحِفِ عِنْدَ الْقُبُورِ لِمَنْ يَقْصِدُ قِرَاءَةَ الْقُرْآنِ هُنَاكَ وَتِلَاوَتَهُ، فَبِدْعَةٌ مُنْكَرَةٌ، لَمْ يَفْعَلْهَا أَحَدٌ مِنْ السَّلَفِ، بَلْ هِيَ تَدْخُلُ فِي مَعْنَى اتِّخَاذِ الْمَسَاجِدِ عَلَى الْقُبُورِ، وَقَدْ اسْتَفَاضَتْ السُّنَنُ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – بِالنَّهْيِ عَنْ ذَلِكَ حَتَّى قَالَ: «لَعَنَ اللَّهُ الْيَهُودَ وَالنَّصَارَى اتَّخَذُوا قُبُورَ أَنْبِيَائِهِمْ مَسَاجِدَ» . يُحَذِّرُ مَا صَنَعُوا، قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ: وَلَوْلَا ذَلِكَ لَأُبْرِزَ قَبْرُهُ، وَلَكِنْ كُرِهَ أَنْ يُتَّخَذَ مَسْجِدًا، وَقَالَ «إنَّ مَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكُمْ كَانُوا يَتَّخِذُونَ الْقُبُورَ مَسَاجِدَ؛ أَلَا فَلَا تَتَّخِذُوا الْقُبُورَ مَسَاجِدَ، فَإِنِّي أَنْهَاكُمْ عَنْ ذَلِكَ» وَلَا نِزَاعَ بَيْنَ السَّلَفِ وَالْأَئِمَّةِ فِي النَّهْيِ عَنْ اتِّخَاذِ الْقُبُورِ مَسَاجِدَ.
وَمَعْلُومٌ أَنَّ الْمَسَاجِدَ بَيْتُ الصَّلَاةِ وَالذِّكْرِ وَقِرَاءَةِ الْقُرْآنِ، فَإِذَا اُتُّخِذَ الْقَبْرُ لِبَعْضِ ذَلِكَ كَانَ دَاخِلًا فِي النَّهْيِ، فَإِذَا كَانَ هَذَا مَعَ كَوْنِهِمْ يَقْرَءُونَ فِيهَا، فَكَيْفَ إذَا جُعِلَتْ الْمَصَاحِفُ بِحَيْثُ لَا يُقْرَأُ فِيهَا وَلَا يَنْتَفِعُ بِهَا لَا حَيٌّ وَلَا مَيِّتٌ، فَإِنَّ هَذَا لَا نِزَاعَ فِي النَّهْيِ عَنْهُ، وَلَوْ كَانَ الْمَيِّتُ يَنْتَفِعُ بِمِثْلِ ذَلِكَ لَفَعَلَهُ السَّلَفُ، فَإِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا أَعْلَمَ بِمَا يُحِبُّهُ اللَّهُ وَيَرْضَاهُ، وَأَسْرَعَ إلَى فِعْلِ ذَلِكَ وَتَحَرِّيهِ.
وَأَمَّا اسْتِفْتَاحُ الْفَالِ فِي الْمُصْحَفِ فَلَمْ يُنْقَلْ عَنْ السَّلَفِ فِيهِ شَيْءٌ، وَقَدْ تَنَازَعَ فِيهِ الْمُتَأَخِّرُونَ.
وَذَكَرَ الْقَاضِي أَبُو يَعْلَى فِيهِ نِزَاعًا ذَكَرَ عَنْ ابْنِ بَطَّةَ أَنَّهُ فَعَلَهُ، وَذَكَرَ عَنْ غَيْرِهِ

أَنَّهُ كَرِهَهُ، فَإِنَّ هَذَا لَيْسَ الْفَالَ الَّذِي يُحِبُّهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – فَإِنَّهُ «كَانَ يُحِبُّ الْفَالَ وَيَكْرَهُ الطِّيَرَةَ» ، وَالْفَالُ الَّذِي يُحِبُّهُ هُوَ أَنْ يَفْعَلَ أَمْرًا أَوْ يَعْزِمَ عَلَيْهِ مُتَوَكِّلًا عَلَى اللَّهِ، فَيَسْمَعُ الْكَلِمَةَ الْحَسَنَةَ الَّتِي تَسُرُّهُ مِثْلُ أَنْ يَسْمَعَ: يَا نَجِيحُ، يَا مُفْلِحُ، يَا سَعِيدُ، يَا مَنْصُورُ، وَنَحْوُ ذَلِكَ، كَمَا «لَقِيَ فِي سَفَرِ الْهِجْرَةِ رَجُلًا فَقَالَ: مَا اسْمُك؟ قَالَ: يَزِيدُ، قَالَ: يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ يَزِيدُ أَمْرُنَا» .
وَأَمَّا الطِّيَرَةُ، بِأَنْ يَكُونَ قَدْ فَعَلَ أَمْرًا مُتَوَكِّلًا عَلَى اللَّهِ، أَوْ يَعْزِمَ عَلَيْهِ فَيَسْمَعَ كَلِمَةً مَكْرُوهَةً مِثْلُ: مَا يَتِمُّ، أَوْ مَا يُفْلِحُ، وَنَحْوُ ذَلِكَ، فَيَتَطَيَّرُ وَيَتْرُكُ الْأَمْرَ، فَهَذَا مَنْهِيٌّ عَنْهُ، كَمَا فِي الصَّحِيحِ عَنْ «مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ السُّلَمِيِّ، قَالَ: قُلْت: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، مِنَّا قَوْمٌ يَتَطَيَّرُونَ، قَالَ: ذَلِكَ شَيْءٌ يَجِدُهُ أَحَدُكُمْ فِي نَفْسِهِ فَلَا يَصُدَّنَّكُمْ» .
فَنَهَى النَّبِيُّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – أَنْ تَصُدَّ الطِّيَرَةُ الْعَبْدَ عَمَّا أَرَادَ، فَهُوَ فِي كُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْ مَحَبَّتِهِ لِلْفَالِ، وَكَرَاهَتِهِ لِلطِّيَرَةِ، إنَّمَا يَسْلُكُ مَسْلَكَ الِاسْتِخَارَةِ لِلَّهِ، وَالتَّوَكُّلِ عَلَيْهِ، وَالْعَمَلِ بِمَا شُرِعَ لَهُ مِنْ الْأَسْبَابِ، لَمْ يَجْعَلْ الْفَالَ آمِرًا لَهُ وَبَاعِثًا لَهُ عَلَى الْفِعْلِ، وَلَا الطِّيَرَةَ نَاهِيَةً لَهُ عَنْ الْفِعْلِ، وَإِنَّمَا يَأْتَمِرُ وَيَنْتَهِي عَنْ مِثْلِ ذَلِكَ أَهْلُ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَقْسِمُونَ بِالْأَزْلَامِ، وَقَدْ حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ الِاسْتِقْسَامَ بِالْأَزْلَامِ فِي آيَتَيْنِ مِنْ كِتَابِهِ، وَكَانُوا إذَا أَرَادُوا أَمْرًا مِنْ الْأُمُورِ أَحَالُوا بِهِ قِدَاحًا مِثْلَ السِّهَامِ أَوْ الْحَصَى أَوْ غَيْرِ ذَلِكَ، وَقَدْ عَلَّمُوا عَلَى هَذَا عَلَامَةَ الْخَيْرِ، وَعَلَى هَذَا عَلَامَةَ الشَّرِّ، وَآخَرُ غُفْلٌ، فَإِذَا خَرَجَ هَذَا فَعَلُوا، وَإِذَا خَرَجَ هَذَا تَرَكُوا، وَإِذَا خَرَجَ الْغُفْلُ أَعَادُوا الِاسْتِقْسَامَ.
فَهَذِهِ الْأَنْوَاعُ الَّتِي تَدْخُلُ فِي ذَلِكَ مِثْلُ الضَّرْبِ بِالْحَصَى وَالشَّعِيرِ، وَاللَّوْحُ وَالْخَشَبُ وَالْوَرَقُ الْمَكْتُوبُ عَلَيْهِ حُرُوفُ أَبْجَدٍ، أَوْ أَبْيَاتٌ مِنْ الشِّعْرِ، أَوْ نَحْوُ ذَلِكَ مِمَّا يُطْلَبُ بِهِ الْخِيَرَةُ، فَمَا يَفْعَلُهُ الرَّجُلُ وَيَتْرُكُهُ يُنْهَى عَنْهَا؛ لِأَنَّهَا مِنْ بَابِ الِاسْتِقْسَامِ بِالْأَزْلَامِ، وَإِنَّمَا يُسَنُّ لَهُ اسْتِخَارَةُ الْخَالِقِ، وَاسْتِشَارَةُ الْمَخْلُوقِ، وَالِاسْتِدْلَالُ بِالْأَدِلَّةِ الشَّرْعِيَّةِ الَّتِي تُبَيِّنُ مَا يُحِبُّهُ اللَّهُ وَيَرْضَاهُ، وَمَا يَكْرَهُهُ وَيَنْهَى عَنْهُ، وَهَذِهِ الْأُمُورُ تَارَةً يُقْصَدُ بِهَا الِاسْتِدْلَال عَلَى مَا يَفْعَلُهُ الْعَبْدُ، هَلْ هُوَ خَيْرٌ أَمْ شَرٌّ؟ وَتَارَةً الِاسْتِدْلَال عَلَى مَا يَكُونُ

فِيهِ نَفْعٌ فِي الْمَاضِي وَالْمُسْتَقْبَلِ، وَكُلًّا غَيْرُ مَشْرُوعٍ، وَاَللَّهُ سُبْحَانَهُ أَعْلَمُ

 


الْجَوَابُ: الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ. الِاجْتِمَاعُ عَلَى الْقِرَاءَةِ وَالذِّكْرِ وَالدُّعَاءِ حَسَنٌ مُسْتَحَبٌّ إذْ لَمْ يُتَّخَذْ ذَلِكَ عَادَةً رَاتِبَةً، كَالِاجْتِمَاعَاتِ الْمَشْرُوعَةِ، وَلَا اقْتَرَنَ بِهِ بِدْعَةٌ مُنْكَرَةٌ. وَأَمَّا كَشْفُ الرَّأْسِ مَعَ ذَلِكَ فَمَكْرُوهٌ، لَا سِيَّمَا إذَا اُتُّخِذَ عَلَى أَنَّهُ عِبَادَةٌ، فَإِنَّهُ يَكُونُ حِينَئِذٍ مُنْكَرًا وَلَا يَجُوزُ التَّعَبُّدُ بِذَلِكَ.

Praise be to Allaah.
There is no doubt that the Isra’ and Mi’raaj (the Prophet’s Night Journey and Ascent into heaven) are two great signs of Allaah which point to the truthfulness of the His Messenger Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and the greatness of his status before Allaah. They are also signs of the great power of Allaah, and of His exalted position above His creation. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allaah) [above all that (evil) they associate with Him]

Who took His slave (Muhammad) for a journey by night from Al‑Masjid Al‑Haraam (at Makkah) to Al‑Masjid Al‑Aqsa (in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad) of Our Ayaat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, He is the All‑Hearer, the All‑Seer”

[al-Isra’ 17:1]

There are mutawaatir reports from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that he was taken up into the heavens, and their gates were opened for him, until he passed beyond the seventh heaven, where his Lord spoke to him as He willed, and enjoined the five daily prayers upon him. At first Allaah, may He be exalted, enjoined fifty prayers, but our Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) kept going back and asking Him to reduce it, until He made them five, so they are five obligatory prayers but fifty in reward, because each good deed is rewarded tenfold. To Allaah be praise and thanks for all His blessings.

With regard to this night on which the Isra’ and Mi’raaj took place, there is nothing in the saheeh ahaadeeth to indicate that it is in Rajab or in any other month. Everything that has been narrated concerning a specific date for these events cannot be proven to have come from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) according to the scholars of hadeeth. Allaah has wise reasons for causing the people to forget it.

Even if the date were proven, it would not be permissible for the Muslims to single it out for particular acts of worship, and it is not permissible for them to celebrate it, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his companions (may Allaah be pleased with them) did not celebrate it and they did not single it out in any way. If celebrating it was something that is prescribed in Islam, the Messenger would have told his ummah about that, either in word or in deed. If any such thing had happened, it would have been well known, and his companions would have transmitted the information to us. They narrated from their Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) everything that his ummah needs to know, and they did not neglect any aspect of the religion, rather they were the first ones to do anything good.

If celebrating this night had been prescribed in Islam, they would have been the first people to do so. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was the most sincere of people, and he conveyed the message to the people in full, and he fulfilled the trust. If venerating and celebrating this night were part of the religion of Allaah, then the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would have done that and would not have concealed it. Since no such thing happened, it is known that celebrating it and venerating it is not part of Islam at all. Allaah has perfected this ummah’s religion for it and has completed His favour upon them, and He condemns those who introduce things into the religion which Allaah has not ordained. Allaah says in His holy Book, in Soorat al-Maa’idah (interpretation of the meaning):

“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion”

[al-Maa’idah 5:3]

And Allaah says in Soorat al-Shoora (interpretation of the meaning):
“Or have they partners with Allaah (false gods) who have instituted for them a religion which Allaah has not ordained?”

[al-Shoora 42:21]

In the saheeh ahaadeeth it is proven that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) warned against bid’ah (innovation) and stated clearly that it is misguidance, so as to show the ummah how serious the matter is and put them off it.

For example, it is narrated in al-Saheehayn from ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever introduces anything into this matter of ours that is not part of it will have it rejected.” In a report narrated by Muslim it says: “Whoever does any action that is not part of this matter of ours will have it rejected.”

In Saheeh Muslim it is narrated that Jaabir (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to say in his khutbah on Friday: “The best of speech is the Book of Allaah and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). The worst of matters are those which are newly-invented, and every innovation is a going astray.” Al-Nasaa’i added with a jayyid isnaad: “and every going astray will be in the Fire.”

In al-Sunan it is narrated that al-‘Irbaad ibn Saariyah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) delivered an eloquent speech to us which melted our hearts and caused our eyes to flow with tears. We said: O Messenger of Allaah, it is as if it is a farewell address, so advise us. He said: “I advise you to fear Allaah, and to listen and obey, even if a slave is appointed over you. Whoever among you lives will see many differences, so I urge you to adhere to my Sunnah and the way of the rightly-guided caliphs who will come after me, and cling firmly to it. Beware of newly-invented matters, for every newly-invented matter is an innovation and every innovation is a going astray. And there are many ahaadeeth with a similar meaning.

Warnings against bid’ah (innovation) have been narrated from the companions of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and from the righteous salaf after them, because this is no more than adding things to the religion and instituting a religion that Allaah has not ordained, and it is an imitation of the enemies of Allaah, the Jews and the Christians, in their additions to their religions and introducing into them things that Allaah had not ordained. It also implies that there is something lacking in Islam, and that it is not complete, and it is well known that this leads to great mischief and evil, and goes against the verse in which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion”

[al-Maa’idah 5:3]

It also goes against the ahaadeeth of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) which warn against innovation (bid’ah).

I hope that the evidence we have quoted will be sufficient to convince the seeker of truth that this bid’ah is wrong, i.e., the innovation of celebrating the night of the Isra’ and Mi’raaj, and that it is not part of the religion of Islam at all.

Because Allaah has enjoined being sincere towards the Muslims and explaining what Allaah has prescribed for them in their religion, and because it is haraam to conceal knowledge, I thought that I should point out this innovation, which is so widespread in many regions that people think it is part of the religion, to my Muslim brothers. Allaah is the One Whom we ask to set the affairs of all the Muslims straight, and to bless them with knowledge of Islam, and to help us and them to adhere steadfastly to the truth, and to forsake everything that goes against it, for He is able to do that. May Allaah send blessings and peace upon His slave and Messenger, our Prophet Muhammad, and his family and companions.

Salaat – The Best Medicine for Mankind

Salaat, five daily prayers – is the best treatment for social, moral, spiritual, physical and every other diseases. SURE.

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