Battle of Uhud.
The battle of Uhud was an extension of the battle of Badr. ID 625 C.E. the Quraish came with a force of 3,000 men to avenge their defeat at Badr. The Muslims could muster a force of 1,000 persons only, and out of these three hundred persons under Abdullah b. Ubbay, a hypocrite, withdrew at the last moment thus leaving only 700 persons to face the hostile Quraish.
Abu Bakr and his son Abdur Rahman.
Had at Abu Bakr marched to the battlefield of Uhud a few miles outside Madina by the side of the Holy Prophet. Abdur Rahman the son of Abu Bakr fought on the side of the Quraish. Before the battle began, Abdur Rahman stepped forward, and threw a challenge to the Muslims to send some one to fight with him. Abu Bakr decided to accept the challenge. The Holy Prophet, however, stopped him saying, “Sheath your sword, and let us continue to profit by your wise counsels.”
The Holy Prophet arranged his force in battle array and posted a small contingent of archers to guard a vulnerable passage in the rear. The archers were instructed that they were not to leave their positions without the instructions of the Holy Prophet.
The Quraish women. With
the Quraish was a contingent of women. They beat drums and sang songs to excite the soldiers to action. They sang: “We are the daughters of the morning star; We tread on carpets, If you advance we embrace you; If you turn back we leave you.”
The course of the battle.
The Quraish charged with full force, but the Muslims held fast. Then in the counter attack the Muslims broke the enemy’s line, and the Quraish fell back. At this stage the contingent of the Muslim archers, contrary to instructions, left their position in order to plunder the camp of the retreating Quraish.
Khalidb. Walid who was still a non-Muslim and was fighting on the side of the Quraish rushed with his contingent, and occupied the position vacated by the Muslim archers. The Quraish rallied and launched an attack on the Muslims both from the front as well as the rear. In the confusion that followed many Muslims were martyred. Even the Holy Prophet was wounded, and he fell in a pit where many of his followers lay dead.
The Holy Prophet.
When the Holy Prophet could no longer be seen at the battlefield a cry rose from the ranks of the Quraish that he was dead. That demoralized the Muslims. Abu Bakr was the first person to find the Holy Prophet lying wounded in a pit. With the help of other companions’ Abu Bakr led the Holy Prophet to a place of safety.
The call of the Quraish.
Abu Sufyan the leader of the Quraish climbed a hillock and shouted, “Is Muhammad there?” The Prophet asked his companions to remain quiet. Abu Sufyan then called for Abu Bakr and Umar. No reply was made, and thereupon Abu Sufyan shouted, “All of them have been killed.”
Atthis Umar could not restrain himself, and said, “O enemy of Allah, we are alive.” Abu Sufyan in a mood of exultation cried “O Hubbal, glory to thee.” Abu Bakr replied, “Only Allah is Most High and Great.” Abu Sufyan said, “We have Uzza with us, and you have no lord.” Abu Bakr retorted, “Allah is our Lord, and you have no lord.”
When the two armies withdrew from the battlefield, seven Muslims lay dead on the battle field. In this battle the Quraish had the upper hand. They felt satisfied that they had avenged their defeat at Badr.
It was really a drawn battle, for the Quraish were not in the position to press their advantage and march to Madina. They chose to return to Makkah. The Holy Prophet sent a contingent under Abu Bakr to follow the Quraish. Abu Bakr covered some distance, and when he saw that the Quraish were speeding to Makkah with all haste, he returned to Madina.