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What Muslim Children Must Know Part 1

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*What Muslim Children Must Know Part 1*
What Muslim Children Must Know

*In the Name of Allah, the Most-Compassionate, the Most Merciful*
*In the Name of Allah, and all praise is due to Him. To proceed:*
*Here we shall present a number of religious issues that Muslim children-must know. It is the duty of their parents to teach these issues to them at-a young age.*
“Itis a simple and comprehensive course covering the topics of creed, Fiqh(Islamic Jurisprudence), Sirah (the-Prophet’s biography), ethics, Tafsir-(interpretation of the Qur’an), Hadith, morals, and Dhikr (the-remembrance of Allah). It-suits children as well as people of all ages and-new Muslims. It could be taught at homes, nurseries, and educational institutions. I have arranged it in sections according to the topics and have-put it in the form of questions and answers, which is more liable to-stimulate the mind-and is better for memorization. The mentor can-choose from them whatever-suits the age of the students.*

*I-ask Allah to accept it and make it beneficial.This course is based on the verse where Allah Almighty says:(O you who believe, protect yourselves and your families from a-Fire whose fuel is people and stones, and is overseen by rigorous-and stern angels, who never disobey whatever Allah commands-and do whatever they are commanded.)*
(Surat at-Tahrim: 6)


*Itis also based on the Hadith of “Abdullah ibn Mas’ud (may Allah be-pleased with him and his father) where he said: “One day, I was behind-the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him), and he said:*
*’O boy, I shall teach you some words (of advice): Be mindful of Allah, andAllah will protect you. Be Mindful of Allah, and you will find Allah by-your side. If you ask, ask Allah (alone), and if you seek help, seek help-from Allah (alone). You must know that if the whole people gathered to-benefit you with something, they would never benefit you except with what-Allah has decreed for you, and if they gathered to harm you with something, they would never harm you except with what Allah has decreed-against you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.”(Narrated by At-Tirmidhi and Ahmad)*
*The importance of teaching youngsters:*
*Children should be taught what-they need in their religion to become-perfect human beings with a sound natural inclination to Islam, and true-monotheists adhering to the path of faith.*

Imam Ibn Abu Zayd al-Qayrawani (may Allah have mercy upon him) said:
*”It has been narrated that they-should be commended to pray at the age-of seven and should be beaten for not praying at the age of ten and should-be separated in beds. Likewise, they-should be taught before reaching-puberty the words and deeds that Allah has made obligatory upon His-servants. This way when they attain puberty, their hearts, souls, and-bodies will peacefully submit and feel familiar with such divine-commands.”*
(Muqaddimat Abi Zayd al-Qayrwani (p.5).
*The Creed Section*

*Question 1: Who is your Lord?*

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*Answer: My Lord is Allah Who has-raised me and the whole worlds with-His favor.*

*The evidence lies in His saying: (All praise be to Allah, the Lord of the-worlds.) (Surat al-Fatihah: 2)*

*Question 2: What is your religion?*

*Answer: My religion is Islam, which is all about submitting to Allah-through monotheism, yielding to Him through obedience, and dissociating-oneself from Shirk (polytheism) and its people.*

*Allah Almighty says: (The true-religion with Allah is Islam…) (surat Al-Imran: 19)*

*Question 3: Who is your prophet?*

*Answer: Muhammad (may Allah’s-peace and blessings be upon him).*

*Allah Almighty says: (Muhammad-is the Messenger of Allah… (Surat-al-Fath: 29)*

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*Question 4: What are the words of Tawhid(monotheism) and mention Tawhid’s meaning?*

*Answer: The words of Tawhid are “La ilaha illallah”. This means that none-is worthy of worship except Allah.*

*Allah Almighty says: (Then know(O Prophet) that none has the right-to be worshiped except Allah…)*
(Surat Muhammad: 19)

*Question 5: Where is Allah Almighty?*

*Answer: Allah is in the heaven,above the Throne and above all the-creation. Allah Almighty says: (The Most-Compassionate rose over the-Throne.) (Surat Taha: 5)*

*He also says: (He is the Vanguisher over His slaves, and He is the-All-Wise, the All-Aware.) (Surat al-An’am: 18)*

*Question 6: What is the meaning of the testimony that-Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah?*

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*Answer: It means that Allah sent-him to the worlds as a bringer of glad-tidings and as a warner.*
It is a must to:
*1. Obey his commands*
*2. Believe his reports*
*3. Refrain from disobeying him*
*4. Worship Allah only in compliance with his Sharia, which reguires-following the Sunnah and abandoning religious innovations.*

Allah Almighty says: *(Whoever-obeys the Messenger has indeed-obeyed Allah.) (Surat an-Nisa’: 80)*
*He also says: (Nor does he speak-out of his own desire. It is but a revelation sent down (to him).(Surat an-Najm: 3-4)*

*Allah Almighty also says: (Indeed,in the Messenger of Allah you-have an excellent example for those who look forward to Allah-and the Last Day and remember Allah much.)*
(Surat al-Ahzab: 21)

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*Question 7: Why did Allah Almighty create us?*

*Answer: He created us to worship-Him alone without associating partners-with Him,and did not create us for fun or play.*

*Allah Almighty says: (I have not-created the jinn and mankind-except to worship Me.)* (Surat adh-Dhariyat: 56)

*Question 8: What is worship?*

*Answer: It is a broad term that-includes all apparent and hidden sayings-and deeds that Allah loves and is pleased with.*

*Examples of the apparent sayings-and deeds include making Dhikr with-the tongue, like Tasbih (glorifying Allah), Tahmid (praising Allah), and-Takbir (proclaiming Allah’s greatness), praying, and performing Hajj(pilgrimage).*

*On the other hand, reliance on-Allah, fearing Him, and having hopes in-Him are examples of the hidden aspects of worship.*

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*Question 9: What is our greatest duty?*

*Answer: Our greatest duty is to-believe in the Oneness of Allah Almighty,i.e., adopt Tawhid.*

*Question 10: What are the types of Tawhid?*

*Answer: 1. Tawhid ar-Rububiyyah(Oneness of Lordship): It means to-believe that Allah alone is the Creator, the Provider, the Owner, and the-Disposer of Affairs.*

*2. Tawhid al-Uluhiyyah (Oneness-of Worship): It means to single Allah out-with worship, i.e., to worship none but AllahAlmighty.*

*3. Tawhid al-Asma’ wa as-Sifat(Oneness of the Names and the-Attributes): It means to believe in Allah’s names and attributes that are-mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah without Tamthil (drawing-resemblance between Allah and His creatures),Tashbih (likening), or Ta’til.(negating).*

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*Evidence on the three types of-Tawhid lies in the verse where Allah-Almighty says: (Lord of the-heavens and earth and all that is-between them. So worship Him and be constant in worshiping-Him. Do you know anyone equal to Him?)*
(Surat Maryam: 65)

*Question 11: What is the gravest sin?*

*Answer: Shirk (polytheism), i.e.,associating partners with Allah Almighty.*

*Allah Almighty says: (Allah does-not forgive associating partners-with Him but forgives anything less than that for whom He wills.Whoever associates partners with Allah has indeed committed a-grave sin.)*
(Surat an-Nisa’: 48)

*Question 12: Mention the-definition of Shirk and its-types?*

*Answer: Shirk is dedicating any-sort of worship to other than Allah-Almighty.*

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Its types are:

*Major Shirk, like supplicating,prostrating, or-slaughtering a sacrifice for-other than Allah Almighty.*

*Minor shirk, like swearing by other-than Allah, using amulets, which are-things worn or hung to bring about benefit or ward off harm, and slight-ostentation, such-as praying in a perfect manner while people are looking.*

*Question 13: Does anyone know the unseen other than-Allah?*

*Answer: None knows the unseen-except Allah alone.*

*Allah Almighty says: (Say, “No one-in the heavens and earth has-knowledge of the unseen except Allah.” Nor do they know when-they will be resurrected.)* (Surat an-Nami: 65)

*Question 14: What are the pillars of Iman (faith)?*

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*1. Belief in Allah Almighty*

*2. Belief in His angels*

*3. Belief in His books*

*4. Belief in His messengers*

*5. Belief in the Last Day*

*6. Belief in destiny, with the-pleasant and unpleasant aspects thereof*

*Evidence lies in the famous Hadith of Jibril (Gabriel) that was narrated by-Muslim. Gabriel (peace be upon him) said to the Prophet (may Allah’s-peace and blessings be upon him): “Tell me about faith.’ He said: ‘It is to-believe in Allah, His angels, His books, Hismessengers, the Last Day, and-destiny with the pleasant and unpleasant aspects thereof.'”*

*Question 15: Explain the pillars of Iman (faith)?*

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*Answer: Belief in Allah Almighty*

*Itis to believe that Allah is the One-Who created you and provided for-you, and that Allah alone is the Owner and the Disposer of affairs.*

*Itis also to believe that Allah is the only deity worthy of worship,and that He is the Magnificent, the-Great, and the Perfect to Whom all-praise is due and Who owns the beautiful names and the sublime-attributes. He has no-rivals, and nothing is like Him.*

*Belief in the Angels*

*Angels are creatures that Allah-created from light. They were created to-worship Allah and fully obey His commands.*

*Gabriel (peace be upon him), who-was assigned to bring down the-revelation to the prophets, is one of the angels.*

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*Belief in the Books*

*These are the books that Allah-sent down to His messengers. Examples are*

*- The Qur’an that was revealed to Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and-blessings be upon him)*

*- The Gospel that was revealed to ‘Isa (Jesus) (peace be upon him)*

*- The Torah that was revealed to-Musa (Moses) (peace be upon him)*

*- The Psalms that were revealed to-Dawud (David) (peace be upon him)*

*The Scriptures of Ibrahim (Abraham) and Moses*

*Belief in the Messengers*

*They are the messengers whom-Allah Almighty sent to His servants to-teach them, bring them the glad tidings of good and Paradise, and warn-them against evil and Hellfire.*

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*The best among them are the Messengers of Firm Resolve, who are:Nuh (Noah) (peace be upon him)Ibrahim (Abraham) (peace be upon him),Musa (Moses) (peace be upon him),Isa (Jesus) (peace be upon him),Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)*

*Belief in the Last Day*

*It refers to what comes after death in the grave, on the Day of Judgment,and on the Day of Resurrection and Reckoning after which the dwellers of-Paradise settle in their abodes and the-dwellers of Hellfire settle in theirs.*

*Belief in destiny with its good and bad aspects*

*Itis to believe that Allah knows-everything that happens in the universe,which He had-previously written in the Preserved Tablet and had willed to-create and bring to existence.*

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*Allah Almighty says: (Indeed, We-have created everything according-to-a determined measure.)*
(Surat al-Oamar: 49)

*It has four levels:*

*First: Knowledge of Allah Almighty: This includes Allah’s prior knowledge-of everything, before and after it happens.*

*Allah says: (Indeed, Allah has the-knowledge of the Hour. He sends-down the rain and knows what is in the wombs. No soul knows-what it will do tomorrow, nor does any soul know in which land it-will die. Indeed, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware.*
(Surat Luqman: 349

*Second: Allah had written this in-the Preserved Tablet: so, whatever-happened and whatever will still happen are written with-Allah in a record.*

*Allah says: (He alone has the keys-of the unseen: no one knows-them except Him. He knows what is in the land and sea. Not a leaf-falls without His knowledge, nor a grain in the darkness of the-earth, nor anything moist or dry, but is (written) in a Clear Record.)
(Surat al-An’am: 59)*

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*Third: Everything happens by the-will of Allah, i.e., nothing happens by-Him or by His creatures, except by His will.*

*Allah says: (For those among you-who wish to take the straight-path. But you cannot wish except by the Will of Allah, the Lord of-the worlds.!*
(Surat at-Takwir: 28-29)

*Fourth: Believing that all creatures-are created by Allah. He created them-and created their qualities, movements, and everything related to them.*

*Allah says: (When it is Allah Who-created you and all what you
do?) (Surat as-Saffat: 96)*

*Question 16: What is the definition of the Qur’an?*

*Answer: It is the word of Allah-Almighty, and it is not created.*

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*Allah Almighty says: (If any of the-polytheists asks you for-protection, give it to him, so that he may hear the Word of Allah…*
(Surat at-Tawbah: 6)

*Question 17: What is the Sunnah?*

*Answer: It is every saying, deed,approval, physical or moral quality of the-Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)*
*Question 18: What is religious innovation(Bid’ah)? Should we-accept it?*

*Answer: It is everything that people introduce in the religion that did not-exist at the time of the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon-him) and his Companions.We should not accept it: rather, we should reject it.*

*Because the Prophet (may Allah’s-peace and blessings be upon him) said:*


*”Every religious innovation is an-error.” (Narrated by Abu Dawud)*

*Examples of religious innovations-are adding to worship, like adding a-fourth time washing to ablution, and celebrating the birthday of the-Prophet, which was not reported from the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and-blessings be upon him) and his Companions.*

*Question 19: Mention the principle of Al-Wala'(allegiance) and Al-Bara (dissociation)?*

*Answer: Allegiance: It means loving and supporting the believers.Allah Almighty says: (The believers, both men and women, are allies-of one another…) (Surat at-Tawbah: 71)*

*Dissociation: It means hating the-disbelievers and taking them as-enemies.*

*Allah Almighty says: (Indeed, you-have a good example in Abraham-and those with him, when they said to their people, “We-dissociate ourselves from you-and whatever you worship besides-Allah. We renounce you, and the enmity and hatred have arisen-between us and you forever until you believe in Allah alone”.)
(Surat al-Mumtahanah: 4)*

*Question 20: Does Allah accept any religion other than-Islam?*

*Answer: Islam is the only religion that Allah accepts.Allah Almighty says: (Anyone who seeks a religion other than Islam,never will it be accepted from him, and in the Hereafter he will be-among the losers.) (Surat Al Imran: 85)*

*Question 21: Kufr (disbelief) could be committed by-words, deeds, and beliefs, give examples?*

*Answer: An example of committing Kufr by words is blaspheming Allah-Almighty or His Messenger (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him).*

*An example of committing Kufr by-deeds is degrading the Mus-haf (a-bound copy of the Qur’an) or prostrating to other than Allah Almighty.*

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*An example of committing Kufr by-belief is believing that there is-someone who is worthy of worship other than Allah Almighty, or that-there is a creator besides Allah.*
*Question 22: What is hypocrisy and what are its types?*

*1. Major Hypocrisy: It means-hiding disbelief and proclaiming faith.It gets one outside the fold of Islam and it is considered major disbelief.*

*Allah Almighty says: (Indeed, the-hypocrites will be in the lowest-depths of the Fire, and you will never find for them any helper.!
(Surat an-Nisa’: 145)*

*2. Minor Hypocrisy:*

*Examples include Iying, breaking-promises, and betraying trusts.*

*Hypocrisy does not take one out of-the fold of Islam. Rather, it is a sin,and the one who commits it will be subjected to divine torment.*

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*The Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him)said: “Signs of the-hypocrite are three: when he-speaks, he tells lies: when-he-makes a promise, he breaks it: and when he is entrusted, he betrays-the trust.” (Narrated by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)*

*Question 23: Who is the seal of the prophets and-messengers?*

*Answer: He is Muhammad (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon-him).*

*Allah Almighty says: (Muhammad-is not the father of any of your-men, but he is the Messenger of Allah and the seal of the-prophets…) (Surat al-Ahzab: 40)*

*Moreover, the Prophet (may Allah’s-peace and blessings be upon him)said: “I am the seal of the prophets, and there is no prophet after me.”(Narrated by Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi, and others)*

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*Questions 24: What is the miracle?*

*Answer: The miracle is every-supernatural act or event with which Allah-Almighty supported His prophets to prove their truthfulness. Examples are*

*- Splitting the moon for the-Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be-upon him)*

*- Splitting the sea for Moses(peace be upon him) and the drowning of-Pharaoh and his soldiers*

*Question 25: Who are the-Companions? Should we love-them?*

*Answer: The Companion is the one-who met the Prophet (may Allah’s-peace and blessings be upon him), believed in him, and died as a Muslim.*

*We should love them and follow-their example, since they are the best-among the people after the prophets.*

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*The best Companions are the four Caliphs, who are:*

*- Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him)*

*- Umar (may Allah be pleased with him)*

*- Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him)*

*- Ali (may Allah be pleased with him)*

*Question 26: Who are the Mothers of the Believers?*

*Answer: They are the wives of the-Prophet (may Allah’s peace and-blessings be upon him).*

*Allah Almighty says: (The Prophet-has a greater claim over the-believers than their own selves, and his wives are their mothers.)*
(Surat al-Ahzab: 6)

*Question 27: What is our duty towards the Prophet’s-household?*

*Answer: The household of the-Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings-be upon him) includes his wives, his offspring, and the believers from-among Banu Hashim and Banu Al-Muttalib. It is our duty to love and-support them, hate whoever hates them, and avoid extremism regarding-them.*

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*Questions 28: What is our duty towards the Muslim-rulers?*

*Answer: Our duty towards the Muslim rulers is to respect them, obey-them in whatever does not involve a sin, not to rebel against them,supplicate for them, and advise them secretly.*

*Question 29: What is the abode of the believers?*

*Answer: The abode of thebelievers is Paradise. Allah Almighty says:(Allah will surely admit those who-believe and do righteous deeds-to gardens under which rivers flow…) (Surat Muhammad: 12)*

*Question 30: What is the abode of the disbelievers?*

*Answer: The abode of the-disbelievers is Hellfire. Allah Almighty says:(then beware of the Fire whose fuel will be people and stones,which is prepared for the disbelievers.)*
(Surat al-Baqarah: 24|

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*Question 31: What is fear? What is hope? What is the-evidence?*

*Answer: Fear means to fear Allah and fear His punishment.*

*Hope: means hoping for Allah’s-reward, forgiveness, and mercy.*

*Evidence lies in His saying: (Those-whom they call upon seek means-of nearness to their Lord, each trying to become closer, hoping for-His Mercy and fearing His punishment.)*
(Surat al-Isra’: 57)

Allah Almighty also says: *(Inform-My slaves that I am indeed the All-Forgiving, the Most Merciful, and that My punishment is the most-painful punishment.)* (Surat al-Hijr: 49-50)

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