Obligatory charity due on every Muslim before the Eid Al-Fitr prayer that is given to a specified group of recipients.
Purification for those who fasted from indecent talk and acts, To feed/give sustenance to the poor Muslims
To express gratitude to Allah for enabling the Muslim to complete the fast of Ramadhan.
3. Ruling? : Zakaat-ul-Fitr is Obligatory/Compulsory (Waajib).
4. Upon? :
Every Muslim, young or old, male or female, free or enslaved, who has food exceeding his and his family’s Eid day and night requirements.
5. Amount? :
One Saa3 (about 2.5kg) 1of the staple food of the land. E.g. Rice, barley, dates, flour etc., with every type of food having its own specific weight.
6. Who pays it? :
The head of the household gives/disburses Zakat-ul-Fitr for himself and on behalf of all his dependents. (Wife, children etc.)
The obligation of zakat cannot be discharged with money according to most of the scholars of Islam.
8. Time of Obligation: After sunset on the last day of Ramadhan.
9. When to Disburse/Pay? :
Permissible time period: Maximum of one or two days before Eid.
Best time to disburse: The morning just before the Eid prayers.
Disbursing it after the Eid Prayers: isn’t accepted and is considered ordinary alms giving.
10. Where to Disburse? :
Preferably at place of residence, then to other places that are in need if necessary.
11. Recipients? :
The poor and the needy muslims only.
May Allah accept our fasts and other forms of ibaadaat.
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