Why are There Many Sects/Groups in Islam?
We have already seen that Islam does not agree caste system and thus does not give any superiority or inferiority to anybody by birth. However, it is a fact that Muslims today, are divided amongst themselves. Even, many people have misunderstood that these groups represent ‘different castes’ in Islam.
Muslims Should be United
The tragedy is that such divisions are not endorsed by Islam or Prophet Muhammed (ﷺ). Islam believes in fostering unity amongst its followers.
The Glorious Qur’an says: “And hold fast, all together, by the rope which Allah (stretches out for you) and be not divided among yourselves” (Qur’an 3:103). Which is the rope of Allah that is being referred to in this verse? It is the Glorious Qur’an.
Qur’an further says, “Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger” (Qur’an 4:59). All the Muslim should follow the Qur’an and authentic Hadith and be not divided among themselves.
It is Prohibited to Make Sects and Divisions in Islam
The Glorious Qur’an says: “As for those who divide Their religion and break up into sects, thou hast no part in them in the least: Their affair is with Allah: He will in the end tell them the truth of all that they did” (Qur’an 6:159)
In this verse Allah says that one should disassociate oneself from those who divide their religion and break it up into sects.
Reason for the Division:
The main reason for this division is the differences in the views and understandings about the Holy Qur’an and the teachings of Prophet. However, the Prophet Muhammad did not create any particular group/sect within Islam. It means, one can live as a perfect Muslim even without belonging to any such sects/groups.
Now, you may think: “why are all the people from a generation belong to one group? Why are these sects even act as barriers for marital relations, etc?
The answer is very simple. Why a Congressman’s son is becoming a Congressman; and why is a BJP’s son is a BJP? It means people usually follow their forefathers and family traditions blindly.
But we see that, after realizing that the political party is our own choice, some Congressman and BJP children leave their party join the other. Similarly, any Muslim can change the sect/group he belongs to and can marry people from any sect.
One may ask such Muslims, “Who was our beloved Prophet (ﷺ)? Which sect or organisations he belongs to?” None! He was a Muslim, like all the other prophets and messengers of Allah before him. If anyone poses a Muslim the question ‘who are you’, he should say “I am a Muslim” (Quran 41:33)
Most of the believers do not choose their paths or ideals after learning about it. That is why most of the blind beliefs and weird concepts of God are continuing even today, and the hatred and communalism are rising among them.
In reality, there are only minor differences between the different Islamic groups/organizations; none of which are sustained by birth or unable to change! If all Muslims read the Qur’an with understanding and adhere to Sahih Hadith, most of these differences would be solved and we could be one united Muslim nation.
Now, by default, the next question will be: ‘which sect is correct’. The Holy Qur’an and the Hadith of the Prophet are still available to us freely. It is, therefore, possible for anybody to check who is exactly following the Quran and Sunnah of Prophet and they themselves also can follow that straight path.
For those who would like to know more about Islam:
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