In 632, Muhammad (PBUH) set forth with a large number of Muslims, ranging in strength of 120,000 bound on a farewell pilgrimage to Makkah.

On his arrival at Makkah, and before completing all the rites, he addressed the assembled multitude from the top of the Mountain of Arafat. Muhammad (PBUH) ordered them to sweep away all plunder and blood feuds among the followers of Islam, believing Negro the equal of the Caliph, established in the world a great tradition of dignified fair dealing, breathe a spirit of generosity and work. They should create a society more free from widespread cruelty and social oppression. In the terminology of Hadith; it is called Hajjatul Wida (the farewell pilgrimage).

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