After performing the farewell Hajj, Muhammad (PBUH) left for Madina. He wanted to say farewell to those martyrs who had laid down their lives for the cause of Islam. So he went to Uhud and made dua for those who had achieved martyrdom and everlasting life. After his visit to Uhud our beloved Nabi (peace and blessing be upon him) visited the cemetery of the Muslims called “Jannatul Baqi” in Madina and made dua for their departed souls.
In the month of Muharram 11 A.H. he fell ill with fever which became worse from day to day. When the illness became worse, Muhammad (PBUH) sought permission from his wives to spend his final days in the house of his beloved wife Ayesha (RA) The last Salaat that he could lead in Jama’at was the Maghrib Salaat and when his health failed him he directed: “Let Abu Bakr (RA) lead the prayer”. Muhammad (PBUH)’s house was adjoining Masjid-e-Nabwi and from his house he could see the Muslims engaging in Salaat. This pleased the Muhammad (PBUH) very much. The health of our prophet (PBUH) got worse and on Monday, 12th Rabiul-Awwal 11A.H. the greatest leader of mankind passed away.
The companions, Fadal bin Abbas (RA), Ali (RA) and Usama (RA) gave the body a ghusl (bath) and it was lowered into the grave in the very apartment of his wife Ayesha (RA) where he breathed his last.