QUESTIONS ON FASTING IN RAMADAAN
What is the ruling on an individual who breaks his fast in the daytime of Ramadaan whilst accepting its obligation?
Whoever intentionally breaks his fast during the daytime of Ramadaan without a valid legislated excuse, has committed a major sin. According to the correct opinion, this individual has not disbelieved.
However, he has to repent to Allaah (ﷻ) and make up the day(s) he had missed. Many evidences show that he has not disbelieved as long as he does not deny its obligation.
In this case, he has broken his fast due to negligence and laziness. Upon him is to feed a poor person for every day he has missed if he has delayed making up the fasts before the next Ramadaan has arrived without any legislative excuse.
Similar to this is the one who has abandoned giving zakāh or performing ḥajj whilst having the ability to do so. As long as he has not denied their obligation, he has not disbelieved. It is then upon him to pay the zakāh he owes from previous years and to perform the obligatory ḥajj along with repenting to Allaah (ﷻ) sincerely for delaying his obligatory duties.
General evidence shows that the one who neglects zakāh and ḥajj has not left the fold of Islām. From these evidences is the narration of the one who is punished by his wealth on the Day of Judgment for not giving zakāh.
It states that after the punishment he will be shown his course; either to paradise or to the hellfire.
“There is not an owner of gold or silver that does not pay what is due on him (in zakāh, except that when the Day of Resurrection comes, plates of fire would be beaten out for him; these would then be heated in the fire of Hell and his sides, his forehead and his back would be cauterized with them. Whenever these cool down, the process is repeated during a day the extent of which would tantamount to fifty thousand years, until judgement has been made between the servants, and he sees whether his path takes him to Paradise or to Hell.”
(Narrated in Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, 97, from the ḥadīth of Abī Hurayrah)
See 30 Questions and Answers on Fasting in Ramadaan by ‘Allāmah Abdul-‘Azīz Ibn Bāz, translated by ‘Abi ‘Abdir-Raḥmān Uways Onwordi at-Taweel
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