QUR’AAN TO HADITH DISCUSSIONS
EPISODE 1️⃣ – FIRM BELIEF AND PERFECT RELIANCE ON ALLAH
The author combined firm belief (Al-Yakeen) with perfect reliance on Allah (At- Tawakkul) because reliance is one of the products of firm belief. Al-Yakeen is certainty of faith and firmness such that it appears as if the individual sees what Allah and His Messenger informed of with his eyes, out of his firm belief.
_Therefore, Al-Yakeen is certainty of faith that holds no iota of doubt; as if he directly witnesses the unseen Allah – the Exalted – and His Messenger ﷺ have both described to him. It is the greatest level of Eemaan._
This firm belief produces magnificent benefits; among them is perfect reliance on Allah, the Mighty and Sublime. Reliance on Allah is that a person depends on his Lord, in his open and private affairs, in achieving good and preventing harms.
وَمَنْ يَّتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللّٰهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهٗ ۗ
_“And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him.” (At-Talaaq: 3)_
The individual would achieve his targets in this world and the hereafter through these two levels – certainty of faith and perfect reliance on Allah; he would be tranquil and live in comfort. And he is successful owing to his firm belief in all that Allah and His Messenger (ﷺ) had said.
Then, the author mentioned verses regarding the heading:
Among them is His saying, the Exalted –
_“And when the believers saw Al Ahzaab (the confederates), they said: this is what Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad ﷺ) promised us, and Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad) had spoken the truth, and it only added to their faith and to their submissiveness to Allah.” (al-Ahzaab: 22)_
The confederates were groups from different tribes who gathered against the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ); they united to wage war against him. Around ten thousand combatants from Quraysh and other tribes congregated and laid siege on Madeenah to exterminate the Prophet (ﷺ). The battle became intensely hard for the Companions of the Messenger (ﷺ). Allah – free is He from all imperfections and Exalted is He – describing this battle, says,
_“When they came upon you from above and from below you, and when the eyes grew wild and the hearts reached to the throats” from severe apprehension:_
وَتَظُنُّوْنَ بِاللّٰهِ الظُّنُوْنَاۡ
_“…and you were harboring doubts about Allah.” (Al-Ahzaab: 10)_
That is, doubts regarding the unlikely,
هُنَالِكَ ابْتُلِيَ الْمُؤْمِنُوْنَ وَزُلْزِلُوْا زِلْزَا لًا شَدِيْدًا
_“There, the believers were tried and shaken with a mighty shaking.” (Al-Ahzaab: 11)_
People were separated during this great and serious catastrophe into two groups. Allah explains them in these verses:
The first category: Allah says about them:
وَاِذْ يَقُوْلُ الْمُنٰفِقُوْنَ وَا لَّذِيْنَ فِيْ قُلُوْبِهِمْ مَّرَضٌ مَّا وَعَدَنَا اللّٰهُ وَرَسُوْلُهٗۤ اِلَّا غُرُوْرًا
_“And when the hypocrites and those in whose heart is a disease (of doubt) said: Allah and His Messenger promised us nothing but delusion.” (Al-Ahzaab: 12)_
They are the hypocrites, those who display belief but harboured disbelief, and those with disease in their hearts among the believers. They had deficiency in their belief; and so, they said, “Allah and His Messenger promised us nothing but delusion.” They wondered, “How will Muhammad ﷺ say he will conquer Caesar, the Persian emperor and Sanaa’ while he is presently held hostage by these people; how is this possible?
_To be continued》》》 إِنْ شَآءَ الله تَعَالَى_