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Women in the Quran and Sunnah by Abdur Rahman Doi

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In Islam there may be completely no distinction between males and ladies so far as their relationship to Allah is worried, as each are promised the similar reward for good conduct and the similar punishment for evil conduct.

The Qur’an says: “And for women are rights over men similar to those of men over women.” (2:226)

The Qur’an, in addressing the believers, usually makes use of the expression,’believing males and ladies’ to emphasise the equality of males and ladies in regard to their respective duties, rights, virtues and deserves.

It says: “For Muslim men and women, for believing men and women, for devout men and women, for true men and women, for men and women who are patient and constant, for men and women who humble themselves, for men and women who give in charity, for men and women who fast, for men and women who guard their chastity, and for men and women who engage much in Allah’s praise, for them has Allah prepared forgiveness and great reward.” (33:35)

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This clearly contradicts the assertion of the Christian Fathers that ladies don’t possess souls and that they’ll exist as sexless beings in the subsequent life. The Qur’an says that ladies have souls in precisely the similar means as males and will enter Paradise in the event that they do good: “Enter into Paradise, you and your wives, with delight.” (43:70)

“Who so does that which is right, and believes, whether male or female, him or her will We quicken to happy life.”(16:97)

The Qur’an admonishes these males who oppress or ill-treat ladies: “O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will. Nor should you treat them with harshness, that you may take away part of the dowry you have given them – except when they have become guilty of open lewdness. On the contrary live with them on a footing of kindness and equity. If you take a dislike to them, it may be that you dislike something and Allah will bring about through it a great deal of good.” (4:19)

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Considering the undeniable fact that earlier than the introduction of Islam the pagan Arabs used to bury their feminine youngsters alive, make ladies dance bare in the neighborhood of the Ka’ba throughout their annual festivals, and deal with ladies as mere chattels and objects of sexual pleasure possessing no rights or place in any respect, these teachings of the Noble Qur’an had been revolutionary. Unlike different religions, which regarded ladies as being possessed of inherent sin and wickedness and males as being possessed of inherent advantage and the Aristocracy, Islam regards males and ladies as being of the similar essence created from a single soul.

The Qur’an declares: “O mankind! Reverence your Guardian-Lord, who created you from a single person, created, of like nature, his mate, and from this pair scattered (like seeds) countless men and women. Reverence Allah, through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and reverence the wombs (that bore you); for Allah ever watches over you.” (4:1)

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The Prophet of Islam (peace be upon him) stated, “Women are the twin halves of men.”

The Qur’an emphasizes the important unity of males and ladies in a most stunning simile: “They (your wives) are your garment and you are a garment for them.” (2:187)

Just as a garment hides our nakedness, so do husband and spouse, by coming into into the relationship of marriage, safe one another’s chastity. The garment provides consolation to the physique; so does the husband discover consolation in his spouse’s firm and she in his. “The garment is the grace, the beauty, the embellishment of the body, so too are wives to their husbands as their husbands are to them.” Islam doesn’t take into account girl “an instrument of the Devil”, however slightly the Qur’an calls her muhsana – a fortress towards Satan as a result of a superb girl, by marrying a person, helps him maintain to the path of rectitude in his life. It is for that reason that marriage was thought-about by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) as a most virtuous act. He stated: “When a man marries, he has completed one half of his religion.” He enjoined matrimony on Muslims by saying: “Marriage is part of my way and whoever keeps away from my way is not from me (i.e. is not my follower).”

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The Qur’an has given the raison d’etre of marriage in the following phrases: “And among His signs is this, that He has created for you mates from among yourselves, that you may dwell in tranquillity with them; and He has put love and mercy between you. Verily in that are signs for those who reflect.” (30:21)

The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was stuffed with reward for virtuous and chaste ladies. He stated: “The world and all things in the world are precious but the most precious thing in the world is a virtuous woman.”

He as soon as advised the future khalif, ‘Umar: “Shall I not inform you about the best treasure a man can hoard? It is a virtuous wife who pleases him whenever he looks towards her, and who guards herself when he is absent from her.”

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On different events, the Prophet stated: “The best possessions a man can have is a remembering tongue (about Allah), a grateful heart and a believing wife who helps him in his faith.” And once more: “The world, the whole of it, is a commodity and the best of the commodities of the world is a virtuous wife.”

Before the introduction of Islam, ladies had been usually handled worse than animals. The Prophet wished to place a cease to all cruelties to ladies. He preached kindness in the direction of them. He advised the Muslims: “Fear Allah in respect of women.” And: “The best of you are they who behave best to their wives.” And: “A Muslim must not hate his wife, and if he be displeased with one bad quality in her, let him be pleased with one that is good.” And: “The more civil and kind a Muslim is to his wife, the more perfect in faith he is.”

The Prophet (peace be upon him) was most emphatic in enjoining upon Muslims to be form to their ladies when he delivered his well-known khutba on the Mount of Mercy at Arafat in the presence of 100 and twenty-four thousand of his Companions who had gathered there for the Hajj al-Wada (Farewell Pilgrimage). In it he ordered these current and via all of them these Muslims who had been to come back later, to be respectful and form in the direction of ladies. He stated: “Fear Allah regarding women. Verily you have married them with the trust of Allah and made their bodies lawful with the word of Allah. You have got (rights) over them, and they have got (rights) over you in respect of their food and clothing according to your means.”

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In Islam, a lady is a totally impartial character. She could make any contract or bequest in her personal title. She is entitled to inherit in her place as mom, as the spouse, as the sister, and as the daughter. She has excellent liberty to decide on her husband. The pagan society of pre-Islamic Arabia had an irrational prejudice towards their feminine youngsters whom they used to bury alive. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) was completely against this observe. He confirmed them that supporting their feminine youngsters would act as a display screen for them towards the hearth of Hell.

It is narrated by the Prophet’s spouse, ‘A’isha, {that a} girl entered her home with two of her daughters. She requested for charity however ‘A’isha couldn’t discover something besides a date, which was given to her. The girl divided it between her two daughters and didn’t eat any herself. Then she bought up and left. When the Prophet (peace be upon him) got here to the home, ‘A’isha advised him about what had occurred and he declared that when the girl was dropped at account (on the Day of Judgment) about her two daughters they’d act as a display screen for her from the fires of Hell.

The worst calamity for a lady is when her husband passes away and, as a widow, the accountability of sustaining the youngsters falls upon her. In the Eastern World, the place a lady doesn’t all the time move out to earn her dwelling, the issues of widowhood are indescribable. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) upheld the explanation for widows. Most of his wives had been widows. In an age when widows had been not often permitted to remarry, the Prophet inspired his followers to marry them. He was all the time prepared to assist widows and exhorted his followers to do the similar.

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Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet stated: “One who makes efforts (to help) the widow or a poor person is like a mujahid (warrior) in the path of Allah, or like one who stands up for prayers in the night and fasts in the day.”

Woman as mom instructions nice respect in Islam. The Noble Qur’an speaks of the rights of the mom in a lot of verses. It enjoins Muslims to indicate respect to their moms and serve them effectively even when they’re nonetheless unbelievers. The Prophet states emphatically that the rights of the mom are paramount.

Abu Hurairah reported {that a} man got here to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and requested: “O Messenger of Allah, who is the person who has the greatest right on me with regards to kindness and attention?” He replied, “Your mother.” So Abu Hurairah requested once more, “Then who?” He replied, “Your mother.” Again, it was requested, “Then who?” He replied, “Your mother.” And once more, it was requested, “Then who?” He replied, “Your father.”

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In one other custom, the Prophet suggested a believer to not be a part of the struggle towards the Quraish in protection of Islam, however to take care of his mom, saying that his service to his mom can be a explanation for his salvation. Mu’awiyah, the son of Jahimah, reported that Jahimah got here to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and stated, “Messenger of Allah! I want to join the fighting (in the path of Allah) and I have come to seek your advice.” He stated, “Then remain in your mother’s service, because Paradise is under her feet.”

The Prophet’s followers accepted his teachings and caused a revolution in their social angle in the direction of ladies. They not thought-about ladies as mere chattels however as an integral a part of society. For the first time, ladies got the proper to have a share in inheritance. In the new social local weather, ladies rediscovered themselves and turned extremely lively members of society rendering helpful service throughout the wars which the pagan Arabs pressured on the rising Muslim umma. They carried provisions for the troopers, nursed them, and even fought alongside them if it was vital. It turned a standard sight to see ladies serving to their husbands in the fields, carrying on commerce and enterprise independently, and going out of their houses to fulfill their wants.

‘A’isha reported that Saudah bint Zam’ah went out one evening. ‘Umar noticed her and acknowledged her and stated, “By God, O Saudah, why do you not hide yourself from us?” She went again to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and advised him about it whereas he was having supper in her room, and he stated, “It is permitted by Allah for you to go out for your needs.” The predominant thought in the teachings of Islam with regard to males and ladies is {that a} husband and spouse must be full-fledged companions in making their residence a contented and affluent place, that they need to be loyal and devoted to at least one one other, and genuinely in one another’s welfare and the welfare of their youngsters. A lady is predicted to train a humanizing affect over her husband and to melt the sternness inherent in his nature. A person is enjoined to teach the ladies in his care in order that they domesticate the qualities in which they, by their very nature, excel.


These features had been a lot emphasised by the Prophet (peace be upon him). He exhorted males to marry ladies of piety and ladies to be devoted to their husbands and form to their youngsters. He stated: “Among my followers, the best of men are those who are best to their wives, and the best of women are those who are best to their husbands. To each of such women is set down a reward equivalent to the reward of a thousand martyrs. Among my followers, again, the best of women are those who assist their husbands in their work, and love them dearly for everything, save what is a transgression of Allah’s laws.”

Once Mu’awiyah requested the Prophet (peace be upon him), “What are the rights that a wife has over her husband?”The Prophet replied, “Feed her when you take your food, give her clothes to wear when you wear clothes, refrain from giving her a slap on the face or abusing her, and do not separate from your wife, except within the house.”

Once a lady got here to the Prophet with a grievance towards her husband. He advised her: “There is no woman who removes something to replace it in its proper place, with a view to tidying her husband’s house, but that Allah sets it down as a virtue for her. Nor is there a man who walks with his wife hand-in-hand, but that Allah sets it down as a virtue for him; and if he puts his arm around her shoulder in love, his virtue is increased tenfold.”

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Once he was heard praising the ladies of the tribe of Quraish, “…because they are the kindest to their children while they are infants and because they keep a careful watch over the belongings of their husbands.”

The Shari’ah regards ladies as the religious and mental equals of males. The principal distinction it makes between them is in the bodily realm based mostly on the equitable precept of truthful division of labor. It allots the extra strenuous work to the man and makes him liable for the upkeep of the household. It allots the work of managing the residence and the upbringing and coaching of youngsters to the girl, work which has the biggest significance in the process of constructing a wholesome and affluent society.

It is a truth, nonetheless, that sound administration inside the home subject is unattainable with no unified coverage. For this cause, the Shari’ah requires a person, as head of the household, to seek the advice of along with his household and then to have the ultimate say in selections regarding it. In doing so he should not abuse his prerogative to trigger any damage to his spouse. Any transgression of this precept includes for him the threat of shedding the favor of Allah, as a result of his spouse will not be his subordinate however she is, to make use of the phrases of the Prophet (peace be upon him), ‘the queen of her home’, and that is the place a real believer is predicted to provide his spouse. In distinction to those enlightened teachings of Islam in respect of girls, Western speak of girls’s liberation or emancipation is definitely a disguised type of exploitation of her physique, deprivation of her honor, and degradation of her soul!

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